The paper "How the Chinese Government Deals with Environmental Concerns" is a good example of an Environmental Studies Essay. Rapid industrialization in China has brought a significant improvement in the economy with the country’ s GDP reported having grown on an average of 10 percent for each year for the past decade (Shapiro 2013). Nevertheless, this has come at the expense of China’ s environment and public health to an extent that the country’ s environmental crisis has become the taking point. This paper seeks to highlight the environmental concerns that affect China as an industrialized nation and how the Chinese government deals with the menace so as to avoid extreme effects of the same. China is regarded as the number one country in terms of carbon emissions with the quality of air for most of the Chinese cities failing to meet the standards of the International Health quality.
Statistics indicate that the life expectancy for cities most affected by pollution is lower than for the other cities. For instance, in the north of the Huai River, life expectancy is lower than in the South basically because of air pollution.
China engages in many economic activities that involve the production and the consumption of energy and this impacts negatively on the environment in terms of air pollution, water pollution and the most discussed environmental crisis which is the emission of CO2 that leads to global warming. As of 2015, the country’ s energy consumption had ballooned with the country consuming 17 percent more coal contents than what had been reported the previous years (IPCC Climate Change 2007). These environmental concerns act as a threat to the growth of the economy despite it being an already industrialized nation (Shapiro 2013).
The Chines government has come up with various strategies aimed at stemming further environmental degradation. At first, the Chinese Government’ s response to the environmental concerns that affected its economy was limited. However, as of 2008, the government had to step up its efforts on how to deal with environmental degradation (Shapiro 2013). This was a result of increased pressures form the domestic and international communities which claimed that the nation’ s environmental status, as well as the people’ s health, were at stake. The Chinese Government has, in recent years, come up with various environmental initiatives aimed at reducing the effects of industrialization on the environment.
The National Development and Reform Commission, China’ s economic planning agency gave out its first nationwide blueprint pertaining to climatic changes in China and also the plans and objectives pertaining to the environment for the year 2020. Since 2014, the Chinese Government passed a regulation that more than fifteen thousand factories were to publicly report their figures pertaining to air emissions and water discharges. At the same time, the government stated that it had set aside $275 billion for cleaning up air for the next period of five years.
Likewise, $333 billion was set aside so as to solve the issue of water pollution in the country. In November 2014, China and the US made a joint statement about climatic changes whereby China stated that it was committed to achieving its peak carbon emission by the year 2030. On the same note, President Xi Jinping announced, while in Washington, USA, that China would start a national cap-and-trade program in 2017 (Freeman & Xiaoqing 2008).
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