The paper "Cancer Related to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in Australia" is an excellent example of an essay on health science and medicine. Health standard of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in Australia is lower than the other Australians in general, and they have poorer outcomes for several diseases such as cancer. According to the estimates of Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) the number of aborigines is between 418,800 and 476,900. This is also estimated that these people suffer from ill health at higher rates as compared to the non-indigenous people. The main sufferings include diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, stress, drugs, poor children health, respiratory diseases and particularly different types of cancers like lung, cervical and liver cancers. Death rates among the indigenous people due to cancer are very high. Late diagnosis, lack of adequate treatment and highly prevalent risk factors such as tobacco are some of the reasons behind this death rate. That is why Indigenous people have a short lifespan than the non-indigenous population. The average life of an aboriginal male is 56 compared to 76 for the rest of the male population while the average life of aboriginal females is 63 compared to 82 non-indigenous counterparts. It was also estimated that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Icelanders in Australia suffering from cancer not only have a lower survival rate but they are also more susceptible to some specific types of cancers (cancers of lung, oropharynx, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas) than non-aboriginal Australians. Multiple factors are involved in the difference of cancer outcomes between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and non-aboriginal people of Australia. To bring an improved cancer survival, the access of indigenous people to preventive measures of cancer screening and cancer treatment services must be ensured.