The Impact of Ancient Civilizations on the Modern World – Essay Example

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The paper "The Impact of Ancient Civilizations on the Modern World" is an outstanding example of an essay on history. Mesopotamians were highly industrious in the fields. Their largest economic produce was grain and barter trade facilitated trade until they developed a system of currency using small silver disks. It was also the patriarch of modern urban culture, with permanent, well-designed cities. Their governance was theocratic. Mesopotamians are hailed as the first inventors of writing, in the form of cuneiform (Sharma). In addition, they invented bronze and copper works.

Babylonians had philosophers, astronomers, and medical practitioners, all of whom contributed to current insights. China took trading to a whole new level by investing in merchants (Sharma). They traded in iron, salt, fish, cattle, and silk. Their form of currency was cowrie shells. China invented paper money, one of its biggest advancements. The philosophers of this era were mostly intrigued by natural phenomena and tried to interpret them. Ancient Egypt was ruled solely by Pharaohs and they overtaxed their citizens for the crown’ s gain. Their main economic activities were manufacture, farming, fishing, commerce, mining, and banking.

Barter trade was replaced by the invention of coins. Egypt is mostly renowned for geometry development. Israel, on the other hand, did not make any developments of their own but borrowed everything; except religion and culture. (Sharma)  India was highly industrialized with parents and children all working at shipbuilding, pearl searching, wheat and rice farming, spinning, manufacturing, printing and weaving cotton cloth, smelting steel, making sugar, and making tiny beads from glasses. It thus was the matriarch of manufacturing and industrialization. They traded in beads, pearls, medicines, silk, spices, pottery and gold.

(Sharma) India shares its concepts and philosophies, such as karma and reincarnation, with the modern world. Old India formalized six schools of thought; realism, rationalism, ritualism, naturalism, theism, and Upanishad traditions.   Greece and Rome are the forerunners of centralization and modern warfare. The two empires were ruled by conquerors for the greater part of history (Sharma). Philosophers of these great civilizations paved the way to modern education by innovating several fields such as ethics, political philosophy, ontology, metaphysics, biology, logic, and rhetoric. Mythologies were part of their inherited wisdom.

Hittites, Persians, and Assyrians are other ancient civilizations that left a mark. Assyrians and Hittites were more renowned for their genius in battles. Persians were people of a taste for sophisticated things such as gold, fine robes, splendid architectural works and the most enticing of ancient foods. Their staple foods were yogurt, meat, fruits, and herbs. Persians impacted the world in this way, together with the introduction of several syllables and religion in the Middle East.   Civilizations rise and fall, as observed from the ancient world, because of conquests, war, famine, and tyrant leaders.

Drought and famine are documented as the major causes of the destruction of Mesopotamian and Ancient Egypt empires, which left them weak against invasions. Egypt’ s first civilization is assumed to have caved from political instabilities and overtaxing (Sharma). In conclusion, the modern world was impacted positively by the ancient civilizations, with a simple bound towards a gradual technological improvement, era after era. This impact can be seen today in leadership roles, for both government and judicial methods. The diversity of methods of governance is owed to the ancient civilizations.

Agriculture and trade, however, were the most largely inherited cultures from these civilizations. Spices, art, gold, currency, language, and religion were also inherited and improved through the ages.


Sharma, Soumitra. "3 Essays On Ancient Civilization". Fet.Unipu.Hr, 2018. Accessed 11 Oct 2018.
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