The paper "Human Security in the Post-Cold War Era" is a great example of historical coursework. Security which is a concept that broadly refers to the protection of an individual’ s life from dangerous forces has been perceived traditionally and in international relations as relating to threats as well as avoidance of conflict amongst nation-states. Therefore, a typical approach to the security field entails threat, use and overall control regarding military force. This places security issues squarely in the middle of non-modern concerns of realist theory. The end of the Cold War in the year 1989 to 1991 has resulted in a paradigm shift of international relations as well as security research.
Security research has been overemphasized. The normal contest arising between the superpowers do not define the direction concerning international affairs. From the year 1980s, a lot of attention was shifted to issues that were perceived as marginalized within high-level diplomacy. Such issues are environmental degradation, natural resources economic security as well as energy. Doing away with cold war tension necessitated the sensitive issues to be elevated into the international political agenda (Shahrbanou). The deepening of security research has been highly considered during post-cold-war times.
The reference, in this case, had been shifting of emphasis from state security towards greater emphasis for individual security. This recognized the fact that the national state does not necessarily defend individual security since in some case it operates as a principal threat to human security. This fact has increased attention in human security with claims emanating that the overall assumptions regarding the study and research of security need to be deepened (Kerr 2007). Concepts and General approaches in International Security The general security concept has taken new forms after the cold war.
The time has witnessed the formation of fresh security agendas, new security manifestations as well as new rules regarding security policy. Basically, three realms towards the term security exist. First, the term security is made in reference to a state of being safe, secure and protected. Secondly, there is the widespread use of the term security in the political perspective which refers to political actions, processes, and structures that instigate the safety of the political unit. In the political arena, a security term has been used as a major political tool.
Thirdly, the term security is used as an analytical concept mostly to identify, describe, explain and predict phenomena within the general social realm such as the security policy security structures and security policy interaction (Bertel & Kristensen). There has been a tremendous change in the use of the word security in the political circles. The United States which is a vital unit within an international system initiated the use of the term. The country started using the National Security Council in 1947, which later become a vital model for other countries.
Moreover, there was the introduction of another concept referred to as security policy. Security policy parameters were beyond defensive policy, military policy or any other policy that could advocate war. It is a policy that avoided war. The policy encompassed internal security, domestic security, and economic-development policy as well as overall policy to influence the international system in creating a peaceful environment such as the provision of aid to developing countries (Axworthy & Lloyd 2001).