Analysis Theories on Mental Health and Sociology – Coursework Example

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The paper "Analysis Theories on Mental Health and Sociology"    is a worthy example of coursework on sociology. By sociology, health is a state of individuals being completely well in mental, physical, and emotional dimensions. This definition of health puts more emphasis on the importance of health being more than an individual is free of any diseases is, and appreciates the fact that a healthy body will greatly rely on a stable mind. Although in the past many people believed that science alone was responsible for determining illness, this sociological definition points out clearly that society plays a great role in determining sickness as well.

Most cultures define diseases as being more legitimate if they have a distinctive “ scientific” diagnosis. Such diseases include cancer, typhoid, malaria, or heart disease (John Hopkins University, 2007). However, for quite a long time, the issue of mental health remained a crucial object of study for the psychiatric professions, general society, and sociology. Sociology has similarly had wide experience and tradition of offering theoretical insights for the mental health phenomenon. The reason behind the developed theories on mental health and sociology is so open to debate and many of the key theories developed have in fact as much to debate about the contemporary viewpoints within society and professional bodies towards mental health.

They also raise an over raging debate about those who suffer from mental health-related problems (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2010). Over time, social reaction and social constructivism are two of the most radical theories developed so far. History of Sociological Mind Health and the Role of Social Policy The study and concerns of mental health first came into the national limelight with the term "mental hygiene", perceived as a precursor to the contemporary approaches to research, study, and efforts aimed at promoting positive mental health within the society (John Hopkins University, 2007).

Decades later, the American Psychiatric Association redefined mental hygiene. The Association’ s definition regarded mental hygiene as an art of preserving the mind from unnecessary incidents, situations, and influences that would destroy its quality, energy, and development. Dorothea Dix (1802– 1887) who was a schoolteacher remains a significant contributor to mental hygiene. Throughout her entire life, the teacher campaigned with the intent of helping members of the society suffering from mental disorders.

He campaigns earned the title of Mental Hygiene Movement (Phongsavan, et al. , 2006). Before Dorothea’ s movement, most individuals suffering from mental illness faced stigma and left to languish from loneliness and in deplorable conditions in the society. These patients would find themselves going hungry and often without clothes. Up to date, sociologists believe that Dix's efforts were as great as it resulted in an increased number of mental health cases report in hospital facilities. Furthermore, in the wake of the 20th century, the National Committee for Mental Hygiene came into force after formation by Clifford Beers.

After its launch, it opened the first clinic for mental health patience in the USA (Clifford Beers Clinic, 2006). Dix’ s mental hygiene movement at times had associations with advocating sterilization of individuals considered to have a high degree of mental disorders and put into productive work and helped with contented family life.


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