Addictive Substance Issues Within Indigenous Australia – Coursework Example

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The paper "Addictive Substance Issues within Indigenous Australia" is a good example of a business plan on social science. Drug addiction is a serious problem. Ones one becomes addictive to consuming drugs, changing or stopping using drag becomes quite impossible. Drug use such as smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol has various negative effects on the addict and also to other people around him or her. Drug use not only affects the health of the addict but also temper with other things such as social issues and even economic wise. For example, tobacco smoking affects the lungs while drinking alcohol mostly contributes to marriage break ups.

The reason as to why most people decide to engage themselves in drugs is claimed to be stress (Webster, 2009). In Australia, smoking tobacco is more than double as normal among Indigenous people as non-Indigenous people. Remote indigenous people in the Northern Territory are reported to have the highest smoking rates in Australia. Owing to this high prevalence smoking tobacco is currently the major contributing factor for excess mortality and morbidity among Indigenous Australians. Apart from tobacco use, indigenous Australian’ s also use other drugs substances such as alcohol, marijuana among others which contributes to many health issues in the country (Rees, 2006). Health initiatives Present and future generations need to be protected from the devastating health, environmental, social, and economic consequences of drug use such as tobacco consumption and alcohol drinking.

The Australian government through the ministry of health has taken some measures as a way of discouraging and reducing the excessive consumption of drug substances in the country. Some of those initiatives are;   High taxation imposed on the drug substances The tax rate for addictive substances is very high in Australia.

This initiative makes the price of the drug substance to be very high of which is intended to discourage drug consumption in the country. However, the health department faces a lot of challenges in implementing this initiative. Despite the high price, the addicted ones are ready to forgo basics things such as food and clothing in order to purchase things like alcohol and tobacco (Model, 1967). Due to this reason, the initiative tends to worsen the problem which is a challenge to the government. Smoke-free and drinking policies Smoke-free and drinking policies are also used by the Australian government as a way of minimizing the use of addictive substances in the country.

In implementing this initiative, the ministry of health has made illegal smoke to get drunk in some public places like workplaces, school and on special occasions. However, this initiative is not fully effectively implemented. Since so many Australians are addicted to drug substances, it is hard for them to fully stop using drugs. Some of the institution leaders at workplaces or in school also consume these substances.

Who will control the others to stop? This creates a challenge to the government making the problem persist (Hirschfelder, 2010).

References

Bourne, P. G. (2010). Addiction. New York: Academic Press.

Conrad, H. T. (2007). Drug addiction. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Dudley, W. (2002). Drugs. San Diego, Calif.: Greenhaven Press.

Goldstein, A. (2001). Addiction from biology to drug policy (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Heymann, P. B. (2001). Drug addiction and drug policy the struggle to control dependence. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Hirschfelder, A. B. (2010). Tobacco. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood.

Modell, W. (1967). Drugs. New York: Time, Inc..

Rees, J. (2006). Drugs. North Mankato, MN: Smart Apple Media.

Webster, M. (2009). Drugs. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press/Gage Cengage.

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