The paper "Academic Building Fire Strategy" is an engrossing example of coursework on engineering and construction. The following is a fire strategy for a five-storey building. The purpose of the building is targeted to be institutional because it is an academic building. The building is expected to compromise of the basement floor, ground floor, 1st floor, 2nd floor, and 3rd floor. The building is also expected to have a maximum occupancy level of approximately 3000 people. However, the number of the anticipated occupants is far much less and this increases the chances of a successful escape from the building in case of a fire breakout.
Stairs connect within all floors and the building. Accordingly, this report will provide a fire strategy for the building. The focus will be to set out the fire safety principles for the building based on the applicable legislation and codes. This report will also take into consideration the aspect of management in regard to fire safety for the building. Means of warning and escape Means of warning The building will have the arrangement to detect fire. The fire in the building will be detected by people as well as through installed systems.
In this building, there will be a suitable electrically automatic fire warning system with manual call points located next to exit doors. In addition, the electric fire warning system should have adequate sounders that are clearly audible throughout the building (Approved Document B). Number of occupants and exits For this building, the following table provides the minimum number of escape routes and exits that should be provided for the building occupants in case of fire. Max number of persons Min number of escape exits 60 1 600 2 Above 600 3 (Approved Document B) Since this building is estimated to have more than 60 occupants and below 600 occupants on each floor, the building should have more than 2 escape routes on each floor.
Therefore, it is recommended for the building to have approximately 2 escape routes on every floor which means that the building will have about 8 escape exits (Approved Document B). Occupancy level The designing and construction of the building will be done in a manner that will allow suitable provisions to warn the occupants of any fire or smoke as well as suitable means of escape if a fire breaks out from the building.
The means of escape should be effective enough to allow the occupants to flee to safety outside the building (Approved Document B). Any room that has a single exit is not supposed to have beyond 60 occupants. Accordingly, rooms in this building have single exits and hence each room is not supposed to have more than 60 occupants (Approved Document B). Calculating space factor Since this building has horizontal escape routes and the maximum number of individuals requiring using the escape stairs is unknown, it will be important to calculate the occupant capacity using suitable floor space factors.
The type of accommodation for this building is a standing area without seating and hence the M2 per person is 0.3 (Building Regulations, 2010).