IntroductionPathophysiology is a field of study that examines the body functional changes emanating from in reaction to an illness or accident. The field of study is designed in such a way that the specialists in the field are able to study the progress of the ailment so that a remedy can be identified quickly for the disease and the possible treatment options explored (Silverthorn, 2007). The medical doctors, nurses, the medical technicians and all the profession require the skills to work effectively in their respective fields as they carry out their various in services to the people and clients in the society.
Most of the professions gain the pathophysiology expertise during their work and this is fundamental in understanding g the development of the disease (Silverthorn, 2007). Pathophysiology consists of two separate medical fields and they include physiology which looks at the study of the body and its functions. The second part is the pathology which interests on the study of the disease and the associated impact on the body of the patient. Pathophysiology looks at how the progress of the disease affects or the changes in the body and how the given changes can be taken care of or reversed.
Pathophysiology cannot be considered to be academic and knowing the way the disease is developing can guide the doctor in giving substantial prediction of the next move of the ailment thus provide the essential and appropriate protection to the patient (Kearney, 2005). The pathophysiology skills are essential further since doctors must choose the optimal procedure and medications to administer to their patients. Pathophysiology knowledge is critical in the end life care as the signs can easily be identified by the doctors and thus prepares accordingly and also provide the appropriate care needed to make the patient comfortable.
The major challenge in pathophysiology is the fact that every human being or body is different. One may be normal to one person may be abnormal to another and the way disease behave in different people also differs. And this is the basis as to why the professionals in the field need to be exposed to wide range of cases of patients and diseases so that they are in touch with the diversity of situations and come across real-world instances of the physiological and pathological differences.
Misleading or wrong diagnosis to the patients can be in cases where the doctors are not exposed to the diverse medical knowledge and acquisition of the technical expertise to keenly analyze and administer the ailments effectively. DiscussionWith case at hand, the 81 year old Jack is a hypertension patient. It will be essential to understand the hemodynamic determinants of systemic hypertension, getting to identify and recognize the primary and secondary forms of hypertension get the insight of the role of the kidney in the systematic hypertension and appreciate the role of the sympathetic nervous system in the pathogenesis of hypertension (Silverthorn, 2007).
Hypertension is also referred the high blood pressure that results into serious life threatening incidents such as stroke, heart failure or even renal failure when sustained for a long time (Kearney, 2005). The disease is associated with one’s lifestyle and the dietary imprudence, lack of exercise that mostly results in one being obese.