The paper "Special Education Needs of Children Belonging to Minority" is a wonderful example of a case study on education. This paper addresses the major and internationally recognized issue of the special educational needs of children belonging to minorities. The case taken is that of a two-year-old girl at a care center in New Zealand who in relation to being born to South African immigrant parents also has major development issues. The paper also highlights the important aspects of culture with special examples of the Indian Rajasthani culture and the effect that Pakeha culture has on the education system in New Zealand and how the minority children suffer because of it. What Culture is? Culture has many definitions.
Lots of scholars and anthropologists have given various schools of thought about culture and its meaning. The two most accepted and popular ones are: “ Culture is the measuring rod of civilization” (Chinmayanand, 2008, p-13). According to him, culture helps one distinguish between a civilized nation and a barbarous one. A culture takes shape when a set of people stay in a geographical area for a long period of time, adhering to a certain set of values and philosophies.
It is said that the things that make up a culture are the invention of the human mind, so the human element is inseparable from culture, as a culture is inseparable from the existence of an individual or society. In the above sense, a culture is said to be the defining force behind a nation’ s identity, its individuality. It shapes its language, art, religion, and history and it reflects in each citizen of the nation, irrespective of whether he received formal education in the universities and schools of the nation or not (Chinmayanand, 2008, p-13). Another perspective puts culture in the light as something which is acquired and is not inherent.
It does not stand for untended growth, but careful cultivation. It remains to be the responsibility of the universities and other institutions to preserve the culture of a nation, of a community (Scruton, 2007). But something that needs must mention here is that culture is not a singular phenomenon, but it’ s a collective entity. Since the days of colonization to the present era of globalization, the intermingling of cultures and the cultural conflict has been rampant.
The direct offset of this has been the emergence of one culture as being in majority in a geographic region and several other cultures being in the minority The culture which is in majority has a remarkable influence on the social fabric as well as the education system of the country. Most of the industrialized nations of the world, with diversity as a prominent culture, have been successful in devising a system of education that does not envisage the prominence of the culture in the majority or does not suppress the minority. Describe an Indian Culture No other nation in the world boasts of such a rich amalgamation of such diverse cultures as does India.
Some of the most dominant cultures and communities are Hindu, Hellenic, Islamic, Jain, Buddhist, Christian, Bahai, etc. Those named before are unique on the grounds of religious beliefs. When it comes to geographical divisions within the country, there emerge as many as 29 distinct cultures as there are states and territories, and distinguishing one from another would have becomes very difficult had it not been for the distinction in attire, dialect, cuisine, and other traditions.