The paper “ Aldo Zuccolillo's Corporate Social Responsibility and Fight for the Freedom of Expression and the Press» is a forceful variant on case study on media. Aldo Zuccolillo was a wealthy businessman and the founder of ABC- Color, the major Paraguayan newspaper. Since its foundation on August 8, 1967, and shortly before its closure in 1984, the newspaper had numerous leading articles, through which Zuccolillo defended with enthusiasm, the policy, and long peace and advancement era of General Stroessner. The paper focused on polemic issues, and corruption amongst senior government officers and the negative influences of Treaty of Itapú a with Brazil, and also included interviews with opposition politicians.
In the early 1980s, ABC- Color was the biggest selling newspaper, having 85,000 in circulation. Its circulation expanded, and it became the most significant source in Paraguay for independent information. How Aldo Zuccilillo personal effects influence CSRAldo felt that the government was not practicing social responsibility by denying the media, the freedom of speech and expression. This is because the law provides for the freedom of the press and speech and the government must respect these rights in practice.
Individuals are usually free to criticize the government privately or publicly, without any impediment or reprisal. There were several reports of murders by government officials and police were not often prosecuted or investigated. Government agents allegedly abused several prisoners with impunity and prisons were usually overcrowded and didn’ t meet international standards. Corruption, political interference, and ineffectiveness in the judiciary were universal, as well as lengthy pretrial imprisonment (Pendle, 1995)Violence against females was persistent, as well as discrimination against disabled persons, women, indigenous individuals, and bisexual, gay, lesbian and transgender individuals.
Pendle (1995) argues that the trafficking of individuals continued and the utilization of child labor and violations of employee rights was a serious problem. The independent media is supposed to be active and express a variety of views without being restricted. Aldo Zuccilillo's personal ethics was that the media was required to regularly criticize the government and openly discuss viewpoints of opposition without censorship. In Paraguay, several media outlets reflected political interests and personal business and professional and ethical standards were very low. Political officials usually retaliated against criticism by the media through invoking defamation laws and prosecuting the media to coerce journalists and repress further investigations.
For instance, the ABC Color managing director Aldo Zuccolillo encountered several criminal charges which were related to libel suits against him by former government officials (Karolides & Green, 2005). A judge ordered Aldo to pay approximately 51,000 dollars and interest for questioning of a judicial decision that liberated former president Luis Macchi from prosecution. Karolides, & Green ( 2005), states that During this period, journalists were subjected to intimidation, violence, and harassment, mainly from drug trafficking, criminal and gang syndicates based in the departments bordering Brazil, as a result of their reporting.
ABC Color correspondent Sergio Rober reportedly got unidentified death threats after he reported on police abuseAnonymous assailants purportedly fired shot s at the house and car of Panambi Vera and Cronica newspaper reporter Secundino Rodas for reporting on police engagement in killings. Additionally, provincial governor bodyguards and anonymous armed assailants purportedly threatened ABC Color/Vanguardia correspondent Jara Fermin and photographer Homer Eduardo when they covered vandalism which was purportedly executed by local officers.
Also, members of the national police specialized unit allegedly threatened and attacked ABC- Color correspondent Dia Higinio with death for covering a local clash.
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