The paper "The Terrorism in the European Union" is a wonderful example of a case study on politics. Terrorism in the European Union has had a long history dating back to the beginning of the 20th Century. However, the reasons for wreaking terror across Europe have been different, with some groups doing so for political purposes, while others as a result of religious extremism. In essence, terrorism in the EU like any other part of the world results from a sense of disenfranchisement, alienation, and discrimination, and other forms of marginalization from specific groups smaller than the predominant ones.
In other cases, terrorism is used as a tool for sending political and religious messages designed to provoke fear to others. However, terrorism in the European Union has been a significant security challenge that has plagued the region for decades, resulting in more resources dedicated to combating it. It jeopardizes the validity and strength of the democratic societies therein, thus threatening the freedoms and rights of citizens. In the past decade, terrorism has increased in intensity in the EU, a phenomenon that has resulted from various factors.
The Neo-Functionalism theory focusing on the European integration aims to collectively address this issue through a consolidated security effort and policies. Through a collective effort of the 28 member state treaty, there is a great potential for increased levels of coordination and communication, which may further enhance the security of the region. There have been negative impacts on Greek politics, characterized by increased debt and poverty, part of which is related to enduring the most of migrating groups from countries such as Iraq and Syria.
The existing European policies focusing on increased levels of coordination as a strategy for countering terrorism in the region. Thus, the research study seeks to evaluate the overall European Union situation in terms of how they are impacted by terrorism on a more dynamic spectrum. The study is evaluated through the concept of neo-functionalism of the European Union, which emphasizes on integration as a more effective strategy of addressing future challenges. Overview of Terrorism in the EU In the past decade, terrorism in the European Union has increased significantly. According to Killalea (2016), terrorism has peaked dangerous levels in this region, resulting in suspects doubling in number, resources being directed to combat it.
The biggest source of threat is from foreign groups and lone wolves, which make them more difficult to detect. Furthermore, the efforts to combat this threat have led to many more suspects being arrested, and a majority of them being convicted. An estimated increase of 38 percent was recorded between 2013 and 2015 in terms of numbers of attacks all over countries within Europe. This has resulted in a massive number of casualties and loss of property.
Many of the threats resulting from religious extremists such as the jihadist groups, Islamic States, and individuals commonly referred to as lone wolves. According to the Europol, the year 2016 was especially challenging to the European Union, with a reported 142 attempted terrorist attacks. Within these figures, the UK recorded 76 of them, France 23, Italy 17, and others such as Spain, Greece, Germany, Belgium, and Netherlands recording the rest. The attacks were characterized by the use of explosives and firearms, with an increased proportion of women and children participating in perpetuating these activities.