The paper "The Liberal Democratic State Shapes Society" is a great example of a political case study. Liberal democracy was defined long back as a theory that the common people know what they want and they must get what they want as they deserve it. (Mencken, H.L. , 1920) With the passage of time, it has often become a topic of debate, whether Liberal Democracy actually delivers what it was supposed to offer, i.e. , shape the society as per the wishes of all the citizens. More often than not, it is felt that the elected representatives and the wealth controllers of the society, run it according to their own wishes.
Thus, it is a mock representation that simply responds to particular interests in society. This is a study to analyze and find the facts. Liberal democracy: The Principles The basic principles on which this form of government is based are: - The importance of the individual considering him moral and rational, the belief that human race has a natural tendency of growth and development; The belief that society is an association for mutual benefit, based on the desire for order and co-operation; Discouragement for the concentration of power in individual, groups or governments; So, it has high regard for the individual and his freedom and a high intolerance for the concentration of power and encroachment on individual’ s freedom.
( Liberal Democracy, Wikipedia) When arguments like whether the Liberal Democracy responds to particular interests in the society, are raised we need to go back and check what actually is Liberal Democracy. The basic features of Liberal Democracy are: - It defends the civil liberties from being encroached by governments or institutions or any other powers.
It also restricts government intervention in matters like moral, political or economic that may affect the citizens. In fact, it regulates the government’ s intervention in the same. The demands made by vested interest groups are questioned and discouraged from seeking certain privileges. It’ s an open society where citizens are rewarded on talent and merit and not on rank or status. It works on rules that are aimed for maximizing the well being of all the citizens. (Liberal Democracy, HomePage, australianpolitics. com) Liberal democracy is a form of government in which the elected representatives hold the powers of decision.
At this point, it is important to note that they need to follow a constitution, which is oriented towards protecting individual’ s freedom. The right of property, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, equality before the law, etc are the main features of this type of governance. Misconceptions The features of Liberal Democracy often lead people to think that it is driven by a few elected representatives of people and is driven according to their wish. Marx is quoted to say that the election process in a democracy is an opportunity given to the citizens to find who will ‘ misrepresent’ them in the parliament.
(Marx, K. 1871) There are certain debatable topics related to Liberal Democracy. Since it is governed by a small group of elected representatives, many people feel that it is not a fair system of providing maximum participation in governance. But when compared to other systems, this has the best representation of the people and in turn of society. The people who are chosen, as representatives have to follow a given agenda that is announced during the election.
In fact, Liberal Democracy is a unique combination of freedom and regulations.