Social Work Theory – Case Study Example

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Theoretical Case StudyThis study intends to explore the plight of Mary’s physical abuse in her marriage. Domestic violence is a whereby women are abused – physically, emotionally or financially –by their spouses, and sometimes even sexual abuse. The rate of this violence has increased over the years with a report of 1.3million cases are reported across the world. This paper intends to analyze the plight of working women and the non-working house wife and how they cope with battery relationships with the approach of attachment theory and system theory. Attachment TheoryThis theory involves a set of concepts that focus on the emotional and physical bond between an infant and the caregiver and the way in which this bonding can have impact on the child emotional and behavioural development into adulthood.

An attachment is based on the need for security, knowing that one is safe and protected all time at all cost. Attachment is not synonymous with love or affection or other activities such as feeding – it is focused on the bond. (In Slade & In Holmes, 2014)The major argument of attachment theory is based on the fact that human beings need a sense of belonging in the society regardless of our diverse ethnicity, cultural practices and religious belief.

The attachment can assist in handling life issues in a more appropriate manner because of the support one may have. It also builds the infant self-esteem by social interaction and communicating with other people. Attachment theory is sub divided into four types: Secure AttachmentsThis is a kind of attachment an infant has that will display agony and distress when the adult who is the caregiver leaves, but after a while they will find it within themselves to be calm and composed knowing that the caregiver will return to them.

Children with this attachment have a feeling of protection and can depend on their caregiver. Insecure Ambivalent AttachmentsThe classification of this attachment is when an infant is distress when the caregiver leaves but seeks contact and reject it. They may be comfortless and unable to understand caregiver coming back to reunite with them, this situation occurs when the child is not encouraged by his caregiver to adventure and explore leading the child to be emotionally handicap.

Insecure Avoidant AttachmentsThis occurs when an infant ignores the care giver by showing no signs of agony when the adult leave or pleasure when they return. They show little to no emotions and this makes the child not explore regardless of who is present, this usually happens the caregiver is not consistent in providing a secure environment for the child to desire to explore. Disorganized AttachmentsMothers that relate with their infants in this manner, they react by being frightened or frightening in moments of stress with their child.

They may act in ways that do not make sense, demonstrating unpredictable, confusing or erratic behaviour in these relationships. These children display no apparent strategy for handling distress, which may be extreme at separation. (Urqueta, 2015)

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