The paper "Safety Risk Mаnаgement in Аustrаliаn Cоnstruсtiоn Sites" is a great example of a case study on engineering and construction. This research is focused on construction projects in Australia and how they manage risk in general and on matters regarding safety in particular. It is also intended to give evidence of risk management in general and also evidence of specific methods adopted by the industry in managing both internal and external risks. The essay will also compare the practical actions taken in risk management in the Australian construction industry with the provisions of project management theory with regard to project management.
It goes on to look into the government’ s contribution to the uplifting of safety standards. It also looks at project risks in general because they contribute to safety risks in that decision-makers have to balance between risks and they may consider avoiding other risks like the risk of financial loss to be more important than reducing safety risk. The safety risks in Australia are also compared to similar risks in other industries to which they compare rather unfavorably. Introduction A project's objective regarding duration, cost, quality, and environmental sustainability are, to a substantial extent, dependent on the risk management process.
Risk management involves timely identification of occurrences, within a project, that is likely to prevent the achievement of the objectives for which the project was started in the first place. The risks may originate either internally or externally (Akitonye & McLeod 1997). Proper risk management requires that risk control measures be put under review regularly and necessary changes are recommended to those concerned as the need arises to ensure that they are implemented hence constantly keeping the risks in check (Tang et al.
2007; Kansal & Sharma 2012). Risk management is used by those involved in managing the project as a tool of finding out what the causes of risks and uncertainties are determining the extent to which they may impact the project and coming up with a way of handling them accordingly (Uher 2003). SFW 2012 refers to construction as work is done concerning changing, ‘ conversion, installation, commissioning a renovation, repair, maintenance, demolition, decommissioning or dismantling a structure’ .
Risks pertaining to the safety of people on sites in which any of the activities mentioned in this definition is an important risk, because lack of safety may lead to huge losses on the part of the project. Such risks and how they are managed in Australia are the subject of this paper. The construction industry has a relatively bigger number of risks owing to the uniqueness of all the many activities involved. Projects in construction take long to complete and are financially intensive. They also have very dynamic organizations that involve a wide variety of people and interests (Smith 2003).
This higher susceptibility to risk in general in the construction industry is, unfortunately, reflected on matters regarding safety. The construction industry is one of the key indicators of economic performance in a country. In Australia, the industry is regulated by different government agencies to ensure that projects comply with the set regulations. A report by ABS 2003 shows that in, Western Australia alone, the construction industry alone employed 8.1% of the entire state workforce. This made it the fifth-largest industry in terms of employment.
Studies have been conducted concerning the most prevalent risks in the industry and how they can be managed.