Analysis of Economic Indicators for 20 Countries during the Period of the Year 2015 – Case Study Example

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The paper "Analysis of Economic Indicators for 20 Countries during the Period of the Year 2015" is an excellent example of a case study on macro and microeconomics.   Economic growth in developed and developing countries has been a subject of debate over the last decade. With increasing levels of technology, ease of access to credit, and improvement in capital inflows, most countries are experiencing positive economic growth. However, recessions and stagnation in employment opportunities have witnessed negative economic growth even in developed countries. Chand (2014) argues that for a country to develop economically, determinants such as foreign trade, capital formation, and natural resources, human resources, and corruption must be taken into consideration.

Naker (2013) agrees that high economic growth rates, especially in the 1980s, we're driven by rising house prices and wages, low real interest rates, and a rise in consumer confidence. Although some countries have plenty of natural resources, they lack capabilities and human capital to transform them into the growth path. In these countries, unemployment remains high and so is the lending rates that are supposed to trigger investments and consumer spending.

While the unemployment rate may signal saturation of the job market with respect to skills and creative abilities, lack of disposable income among the youth adversely affects consumer spending (Bonilla, 2008). In reality, surplus labor has little significance on the growth of the economy meaning that human resources have to be adequate in terms of abilities and skills to achieve economic growth (Boyes & Melvin, 2015). Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate is driven by personal consumption, business investment, exports and imports, and also government spending. However, a country experiencing a low GDP growth rate is likely to halt the hiring of new employees and investment in new purchases (Dwivedi, 2010).

As a result, there will be a rise in the unemployment rate and difficulty to secure credit for investment opportunities. This study aims to discuss the relationship between the various economic indicators that affect the economic growth of a country. For example, it would be interesting to find out how bank lending rates affect homeownership while remittances, unemployment rate, and capital flow influence real GDP output of a country.  

References

Bonilla, E.D. (2008). Global macroeconomic development and poverty. International Food Policy Research Institute.

Boyes, W. & Melvin, M. (2015). Macroeconomics. Cengage Learning.

Chand, S. (2014). Factors that influence the economic development of a country. The Next Generation Library.

Cohen, I., Freiling, T. & Robinson, E. (2012). The Economic Impact and Financing of Infrastructure Spending. Williamsburg, Virginia: Thomas Jefferson Program in Public Policy, College of William & Mary. p. 5.

Dwivedi, W. (2010). Macroeconomics, 3E. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

Mankiw, N.G. (2014). Principles of Microeconomics. Cengage Learning.

Martin, W.E. & Bridgmon, K.D. (2012). Quantitative and statistical research methods: From hypothesis to results. John Wiley and Sons.

McNabb, D.E. (2015). Research methods for political science: Quantitative and qualitative methods. Routledge.

Naker, S. (2013). Factors influencing Gross Domestic Product. Federal Reserve Bank of Australia.

Singh, K. (2007). Quantitative social research methods. SAGE.

Torres-Reyna, O. (2013). Data preparation and descriptive statistics. Princeton University. http://www.princeton.edu/~otorres/DataPrep101.pdf.

Vogt, W.P. (2007). Quantitative research methods for professionals. Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.

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