The paper "Principles of Social Impact Assessment" is a perfect example of a case study on sociology. “ Social impacts” refers to the consequences of any public or private actions to human populations. These actions can be planned or unplanned, either way, they change the configuration of the lives of the people in the area. On the surface, normal activities are disrupted, affecting their work, social activities, interrelationships among peers and community etc. Deeper, culture (values, beliefs, norms) is affected, somehow. And this can be either positively, or otherwise. This documentation will attempt to define the principles of measurement, methodology, resources needed, politics even, of social impact assessment and evaluation in the context of examining the impact of the damming the Three Gorges Dam in China. There are ten (10) steps in this process, presented sequentially, although, in actual implementation, the steps may often overlap. Identification of Affected Public At the beginning of the proposed project, potentially affected groups must be identified.
These include those who: 1.1. live nearby; 1.2. witness first-hand, the change/development; 1.3. are ordered to relocate; 1.4. have a stake in the area (source of livelihood, e.g.
farms, workplace etc); 1.5. have a deep concern and other interest in the proposed project site (not necessarily residents of the area); 1.6. foresee the increase in the present cost of living due to the influx of seasonal residents and workers once the project is completed. After careful identification of affected communities, representatives of each group must be interviewed. The aim of the interview is to identify and surface the specific area of concern, the degree of the impact, as well as its scope. Participation in the planning process, and even during the project implementation is solicited.
Collection of all these valuable information can be done through surveys and careful interviews, instead of public forums, which seem inadequate. In this first step, the keyword is PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT. Once this is successfully done, chances are, the proposed project will proceed smoothly, surfacing other details which might have been otherwise overlooked. Aside from that, the public involvement program will be a key factor in ensuring the environmental and social impact assessment is being done throughout the project duration of the project. Example from the Case Profile: Affected communities for the Three Gorges Dam Project are communities who live in China's central grid: Hubei, Hunan, Henen, Jiangsu, Anhui. Description of Project The proposed action is described in detail, to include the following: Location: Land requirements: The physical infrastructure required: (e. g.
roads, sewer and water lines etc. ) Construction schedule: Program of Work (POW): Manpower requirements (by month/by year): Project components/facilities (e. g. details, description, capacity etc. ): Institutional resources
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