The paper “ Western Australia Tobacco Project and Action Plan” is a dramatic variant of a case study on sociology. The use of cigarettes has a significant impact on society across Australia. The wellbeing of the communities they represent is undoubtedly affected by the harm drugs used can produce (Devlin, 2007, pp. 53). The Australian government is well placed to coordinate society's efforts to reduce the harms directed to the community from cigarette use, more especially from the youth within the community (AIHW, 2006). The national drug strategic framework (NDSF) highlighted the importance of the local government and the local government sub-committee of the intergovernmental committee on drugs was put in place.
In 2003, the Australian government-funded research in the local government handling issues of cigarette-related harm minimization programs. Theses project had two components which were basically: To undertake a review of the national literature relating to community-based tobacco initiatives and consult with the local government in facilitating resources necessary to reverses the deteriorating conditions among youth smoking habits. The report focuses on the local community, public health interventions designed to minimize cigarette-related harm.
In our project we recognize the role of the local government in tackling cigarette misuse (Pingree, 2004, pp. 83). Anti-smoking messages have often been fear-based directed at people aged 30 and below. Health promotional activities directed at convincing youthful Australians to either avoid or stop smoking have been staged at two levels. First these messages are communicated during primary and secondary school health curricula including direct anti-smoking information in programs such as Teenagers-Teaching-Teachers. The second initiative has been achieved where young people have been exposed to government-sponsored mass media public information campaigns (Mahoney, 2007, pp.
47) sending informatory messages on the dangers of smoking. Despite the increased concentration of anti-cigarette messages through both primary and secondary schools among other government initiatives, the young Australian population continues to smoke (Pingree, 2004, pp. 75). In 2006, the Australian Bureau of Statistics reported the rate of smoking in the country to have declined slightly from 1995, when it was estimated to be 28% an average percentage for both men and women. By 2004/2005, smoking rates are reported highest among younger age groups and declined with increased age groups.
According to the ABS statistics of 2006 the highest rate of smoking was among those aged 18-24 with 34% and women aged 25-34 scored 27% (AIHW, 2006). Overview of the Western Australian Federal Government The Role of Local GovernmentLocal government has a vital role to play as a leader and a partner in designing and implementing strategies of reducing tobacco-related harms in the Australian community communities. The community is increasingly regarded as the site of mediation between every life of individuals and the larger social, economic, and political environment (Miller, 2007, pp.
89). Local government has the authority in public health development plans and enforcement. It has the necessary links with other levels of government, business, industry sectors, and the community. The local government has been long involved in community development and action projects. Through intimate knowledge of the needs of people at a particular time, the local government plays a critical role to play in place management and coordination programs. In addition, to tailor specific interventions preventing and treating smoking-related harm among the youth population, these projects help reduce harm as a consequence of addressing upstream issues of economic and social disadvantage (Adelman, 2001, pp.
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