The paper "A Critical Assessment of the United Kingdom’ s National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies " is a remarkable example of a case study on social science. The National Register defines a public emergency as a situation or occurrence which may cause severe damages to the welfare of human beings in a location in the UK. Severe damages include human sickness, injury, death, homelessness, and property destruction, interruption on the supply of food, money or water, disruption of health services, communication, and transport systems. This poster aims at critically evaluating United Kingdom’ s National Risk Register which provides an evaluation of the probability and likely effects of an assortment of various risks that may affect UK’ s nationals as outlined in the policy for national security.
The evaluation will be carried out through the analysis of types of risks that are assessed in the register as well as the way of quantifying or qualifying the risks. The evaluation will also look at the main results that are highlighted in the National Register and the variations that are likely to be experienced in practice as a way of responding to the assessment of risks.
In addition, this report intends to spot the main issues that are present in the United Kingdom’ s publication. Risks assessed There are a number of risks that are assessed in the National Register and are categorized under two main groups namely; high priority risks and recently assessed risks. The assessment takes into account both their possibility and impact on the country and the citizens as well. The high priority risks include human disease, coastal flooding, disastrous terrorist attacks, and volcanic eruptions in other countries.
Pandemic influenza is the most prioritized type of human disease in the United Kingdom and is considered the most noteworthy public emergency risk. The harshness of the situation that is planned for in the National Register does not complement the severity of H1N1 influenza’ s outbreak that took place in 2009. The H1N1 is not suggestive of pandemic influenzas that may take place in the future. For instance, 1918-19, 1957-58 along with 1968-69 influenzas had different degrees of severity. In the National Register’ s assessment of risk, its plan is based on an imaginary severity of pandemic influenzas.
It is made for a high level of severity from any likely influenza outbreaks in the United Kingdom in the future. Making such a plan is advisable since the UK government will be in a position to handle any degree of influenza’ s severity. In case the plan is made to cater to only severity that matches the kind of influenzas that have been experienced in the past, the government may not be able to manage pandemics whose effects are very extensive. Normally, endemic influenzas are very fatal and require a fast remedy and thus, it is good for the government to always have plans in place for dealing with such scenarios.
On the contrary, government plans for dealing with civil emergencies should mostly be based on past experiences. Therefore, the National Register’ s plan should be based on the severity of the 20th-century influenzas and the 2009’ s H1N1. The making of a plan that does not take into account past influenzas is impractical.
ReferencesCabinet Office 2012, National Risk Register for Civil Emergencies, United Kingdom, Cabinet Office.