The paper "Analysis of Australian Policies" is a wonderful example of a case study on politics. Since the invasion of the European until recently, the Australian government has set up policies that concern the indigenous people. These policies have been created and executed by the non-aboriginals. Some of these policies include reconciliation, self-determination, assimilation, and protection. Nevertheless, analysts contend that none of the policies have improved the aborigines’ conditions in Australia, for their conditions are no better than they were before the European invasion. In 1901, there was a creation of the six Australian colonies into a federation.
Then, the white Australia perceived the Aborigines as a dying race; hence the only two references made to them by the Constitution. Therefore, this paper analyses some of the policies created and their impact on the Aboriginals’ lives. Policies Protection policy To begin with, the Australian Government, in its policy statement, created a policy of protecting indigenous Australians. Despite the fact that initial time in Australian history was attributed to war, there were numerous white settlers that were moved by the manner in which the aborigines were treated in the country (Rolls 2011, pp.
20-35). These settlers, who included, Christian missionaries and government officials, made attempts to help the group since they were dying out. According to Smith (2004, pp. 81-90), they did this basing on paternalism principle, which entails taking care of someone and their interests as they are unable to do it on their own. Therefore, rather than hunting and murdering them, the government plan changed into treating and protecting them like children. Besides, the settlers based their protection interests on the theories of Charles Darwin; evolution, and survival for the fittest (Bodley 2011, pp.
487-495). To them, they viewed the Aboriginals as inferior, weaker than normal people because of their skin color. The Europeans judged the aboriginals using their own standards and decided that they were uncultured and primitive. Because they refused to accept that the indigenous people had a rich culture, they considered it their responsibility to protect the aboriginals’ way of life. In line with the protection policy, Rolls (2011, pp. 20-35) says that Governor Macquarie the Native Institute was established in 1814 in order to educate the aboriginals about the European way of life.
However, the institute was closed down because it attracted little attention to the aboriginals. Additionally, in the 1830s, the British government realized the need to do more in order to protect the aboriginals. Despite the protectorates’ attempts, they failed to protect the indigenous Australians. As a result, the next government set up reserves where the aborigines were settled (Smith 2004, pp. 81-90). The reserves gave the aborigines an opportunity to do farming and produce their own food. Nevertheless, the settlers drove them out of the reserves on to unproductive lands.
Still in 1850s, Bodley (2011, pp. 487-495) notes that the reserves were readopted by the colonial government in order to reduce the aborigines’ suffering. In addition, 1883 saw the establishment of the Aboriginal Protection Board that was aimed at protecting the Aboriginals, and educate them on Christianity (Smith 2004, pp. 81-90). However, the missionaries denied the aborigines the right to use their languages and names on the mission grounds.