The paper "Occupational Health and Safety" is a wonderful example of a case study on health sciences and medicine. Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) requires employees to comply with the workplace health and safety standards and to provide employees with an environment that is free from recognized hazards that are likely to cause serious physical harm or even death (Wolper 2004). This report applies the theoretical principles of safety and health in practical contexts. The first case considers the lifting of a modular, portable office from a delivery vehicle and delivering it to its designated resting place by use of a mobile crane.
In this context, the report will discuss the health and safety issues to be considered when planning the lifting operation, outline the lifting procedure and finally outline the statutory requirements for the examination and inspection of the lifting equipment. The second context involves cleaning of process machinery with the use of flammable solvents before repair. In this case, the paper identifies the possible health effects from exposure to solvents, outlines the safety precautions considered when using flammable solvents and lastly other precautions that ensure health and safety for those who carry out the maintenance work Case 1: Lifting and delivering of the portable office Preparing and planning for the lifting operation Mobile crane accidents occur due to poor planning and preparation, more often by overlooking some basic factors.
All crane lifts require proper planning, supervision and must be carried out in a safe manner by competent individuals to avoid principal hazards that may occur during the operation (Hughes and Ferrett 2009). The lifting of the modular, office building from the delivery vehicle should be done by considering issues such as the crane selection, the condition of the crane, load chart issues, crane safety features, ground conditions, environmental issues, load type issues, and load securing. Crane selection The crane should be carefully selected by carrying out a risk assessment that takes into consideration the load to be lifted, anticipated path, lifting capacity to safely perform the operation, suitability of the crane type (i. e.
visibility, adequate space, ground conditions, and accessibility), site layout, and the number of counterweights fitted and rope falls. Also, consider the clearances for the counterweights for the crane operation. Crane condition The crane should be assessed to ensure that it is in good condition with all its features operating correctly.
In addition, it must have received an annual safety inspection. Load chart issues The crane operator should be provided with a correct load chart which verifies if the crane has an adequate capacity (Stranks 2010). Consider if the load chart and the rated capacity limiter on 75% of tipping on outriggers and 66.6% of tipping for pick and carry mode in accordance with mobile crane standards. The crane should have the same load rating for the full 3600 of slew.
Also, make corrections on the rated capacity of the crane based on chart notes.