A Critical Discussion of Denim Fabric and Various Aspects – Case Study Example

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The paper "A Critical Discussion of Denim Fabric and Various Aspects" is a good example of a case study on design and technology.   Introduction Denim is a long-lasting cotton twill textile through which the weft passes under two or more warp threads. Denim is different from cotton duck since a diagonal ribbing is the end result of the twill weaving. The term denim originates from the city of Nimes, which is in France. It is manufactured from a vat dye, the Indigo dye, which is usually applied to cotton fabric in the slackly held form in layers.

With regard to the manufacturing process of denim, it is more or less the same as that of Grey fabric from the start to the point weaving. Nonetheless, in the case of denim fabric, dyeing is done during sizing stage while with Grey fabric; the finished product is the determinant when it comes to making decisions regarding dying (Blanchette, 2011, p. 1043). This piece of work will give a critical discussion of Denim fabric and various aspects associated with it. Some of the areas of concern include the denim fabric production, the end uses of the fibres, the sustainable credentials of the fibre as well as evident trends and innovations in the current market. The denim fibre Production and Context A twill is a form of textile weave that has a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs, achieved by passing the weft thread over warp thread(s) than under other warp threads.

Warp- faced twill weave structure is a unique structure whose design allows it to drape quite well. The diagonal pattern of the twill weave is referred to as a wale.

Depending on the complexity of a twill weave, it requires three or more harnesses. As opposed to plain weave, twill fabrics have a front as well as backside (technical face and technical back) (Lee, Kim, Song, Kang and Youn, 2010, p. 63). When it comes to warp-faced twills, the surface on the technical face of the fabric is majorly made of warp yarns. The fact that warp yarns are quite durable makes the fabrics stronger and more resistant to pilling and abrasion. There are various forms of warp-faced twills, for instance, Twill flannel and herringbone (Kadolph, 2009, p. 67).   Traditionally, denim fabric was coloured blue with indigo dye in order to make blue jeans.

On a cultural context, denim fabric is quite significant. Over the ages, denim fabric and jeans have grown from strength to strength, from rugged workwear to fashion staple. According to Foreman (2015), denim jean is still one of the most deceptively mysterious and intricate garments of all time. Denim is known to create an emotional connection with the wearer. The uniqueness associated with denim dyeing makes it a personal thing as every wear pattern is unique to a person and hence can depict character.

Rahman, Jiang and Liu (2010, p. 298) state that denim jeans have been strongly entrenched in the fashion landscape and there is no indication of them fading away or losing relevance. It all started with indigo rockabilly turn-ups and moved to bellbottom. Currently, the skinny jeans are trending and remain fashionable. The fact that the manufacturing process of denim fabric and clothing is relatively sustainable in nature is a plus that makes them fashionable and preferred to other fabrics.

Their uniqueness also makes them not lose taste in the fashion domain. A good example is the era of jegging in the 20th century. Denim can also be linked to the American culture. It started out as a uniform for American workers approximately 200 years ago (Fitzgerald, 2017). Paul (2015, p. 2) asserts that denim has had an incredible cultural and social influence on consumers. It is regarded as an expression of youth independence, a sign of opposition or an attitude towards life. There is also an international appeal of jeans across all age groups.

References

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Can, W. W. 2015. Washing techniques for denim jeans. In R Paul (Ed.), Denim: manufacture, finishing, and applications, p. 313-356. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing.

Colomera, A. & Kuilderd, H. (2015). Biotechnological washing of denim jeans. In R. Paul, Denim manufacture, finishing, and applications (pp. 357-403). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Fitzgerald, B.2017. Denim: History of Jeans & American Culture. Available [Online] from http://www.lesouk.co/articles/material-inspiration/denim-history-of-jeans-american-culture [Accessed 17 May 2017]

Foreman, K. 2015. Jean genie: The denim evolution. Available [Online] from http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20150401-jean-genie-the-denim-evolution[Accessed 17 May 2017]

Garcia, B. 2015. Reduced water washing of denim garments. A volume in Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles (Pp 405–423).

Kadolph, S.J. 2009. The use of knitted, woven, and nonwoven fabrics in interior textiles. In T. Rowe, Interior Textiles: Design and Developments. (pp. 47-90). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

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Lee, J.T., Kim, M.W., Song, Y.S., Kang, T.J. and Youn, J.R., 2010. Mechanical properties of denim fabric reinforced poly (lactic acid). Fibers and Polymers, 11(1), pp.60-66.

Merchandiser, A. 2015. Flow Chart of Denim Manufacturing Process. Available [Online] from http://www.garmentsmerchandising.com/flow-chart-of-denim-manufacturing-process/[Accessed 17 May 2017]

Miller, D., and Woodward, S., 2011. Global denim. Vienna: Berg.

Olesen, B., 2011. How blue jeans went green: the materiality of an American icon. Global Denim, pp.69-86.

Paul, R., 2015. Denim and jeans: an overview. Denim: Manufacture, Finishing, and Applications, pp.1-11.

Rahman, O., Jiang, Y. and Liu, W.S., 2010. Evaluative criteria of denim jeans: A cross-national study of functional and aesthetic aspects. The Design Journal, 13(3), pp.291-311.

Raina, M.A., Gloy, Y.S., and Gries, T., 2015. Weaving technologies for manufacturing denim. Denim: Manufacture, Finishing, and Applications, p.159.

Teoline.com, n.d. the manufacturing process of denim. Available [Online] from http://www.teonline.com/knowledge-centre/manufacturing-process-denim.html[Accessed 17 May 2017]

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