Employment of People with Disability in Australia – Case Study Example

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The paper "Employment of People with Disability in Australia" is a good example of a case study on social science.   The right to work is one of the fundamental human rights in Australia. Individuals should work regardless of their age or any form of disability. In 2014, the Attorney General issued a notice requiring the Australian Human Rights Commission to inquire about the discrimination against age and disability in the Australian employment sector. Apparently, denying individuals the right to work denies them the dignity, sense of purpose, and independence associated with work.

The essay targets to describe the current state of employment of people with disability in Australia. It also discusses the existing legislation and Government Policy associated with the employment of people with disabilities. The essay also identifies and discusses the barriers linked to the employment of people with disability in Australia. Furthermore, it discusses the proper ways of addressing these barriers. The essay also describes the existing supports that are available to people with disabilities and employers regarding the employment of people with disabilities and the extent of the utility of the supports.

Finally, the essay describes the ways of improving the employment situation of people with disabilities in Australia. The Current State of Employment of People with disability in Australia The employment of people with disabilities and older people has portrayed a declining index in Australia. As a result, unfair discrimination has prevented thousands of Australians from getting employment opportunities in Australian labor. However, it is evident that this is against the labor law that prohibits any sort of discrimination based on gender, age, or disability in the Australian employment sector.

The diminishing levels of participation of Australians with disabilities and older Australians in the employment sector have negative implications for the employers, the national economy, and individuals in Australia. The labor force participation of individuals aged between 60 and 64 years and above 65 years has increased in Australia. However, it is significant to understand even though the level of participation of older people has increased in Australia, it is still lower than the participation levels in certain countries such as Japan, Canada, and New Zealand (OECD, 2015). By mid-2010, 71% of Australians aged between 55 and 59 years, 51% of the individuals aged 60 and 64 years, and 24% of the persons aged between 65 and 69 years participated in the labor force.

According to the results of the statistics, it is evident that the employment rates of Australian individuals decrease with the age of the individuals (ABS, 2010). By 2012, the participation of people with disabilities in the employment sector was 52.8% as compared to the 82.5% participation of people without disabilities (ABS, 2012). By 2007, the statistics were almost similar.

For instance, 17% of male employees and 16% of female employees were disabled as compared to 83% and 84% non-disabled counterparts in the employment sector. Therefore, the results also indicate that just as is the case in the present situation, the non-disabled individuals have an upper hand regarding their employment in the Australian labor market (Mavromaras et al. 2007). In 2007, the employment results revealed that 48.4%, 4.5%, and 47.2% of the disabled individuals were employed, unemployed, and not in the labor force respectively. However, the results were different for the non-disabled individuals since 76.6%, 4.0%, and 19.4% were employed, unemployed, and not in the labor force.

In 2009, 2.2 million Australians in the working-age had a given form of disability. The results implied that approximately 15% of the working individuals in Australia had one form of disability or the other (Deloitte, 2011). The SDAC report regarded disability as any form of the condition that would have an impact on the everyday lives of individuals. The report revealed that 70% of the disabled individuals in the working-age exhibited a particular form of the limitation on core activity.

Severe limitation prevailed in one-third of the disabled individuals whereas two-thirds of the persons had mild or moderate limitations on core activity. Half of the remaining 30% had a specific core limitation whereas the other half did not report any limitation (Deloitte, 2011).

References

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Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). 2010. Australian Social Trends, Sep 2010, cat 4102.0 - Older People and the Labour Market (2010). Retrieved from: http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4102.0Main+Features30Sep+2010

Australian Human Rights Commission (AHRC). (2011). Federal Discrimination Law.

Australian Human Rights Commission. (2015). Willing to Work: National Inquiry into Employment Discrimination against Older Australians and Australians with Disability.

Australian Human Rights Commission. (AHRC). (2014). National Disability Forum 2014 – Summary of Results.

Australian Public Service Commissioner. (2011). As One – Australian Public Service Disability Employment Strategy.

Catty, J., Lissouba, P., White, S., Becker, T., Drake, R. E., Angelo Fioritti, Knapp, M., Lauber, C., Rössler, W., Tomov, T., van Busschbach, J., Wiersma, D., & Burns, T. (2008). ‘Predictors of employment for people with severe mental illness: results of an international six-center randomized controlled trial’. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 192, (3), 224–231.

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. (2007).

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Greve, B. (2009). The labor market situation of disabled people in European countries and the implementation of employment policies: a summary of evidence from country reports and research studies. Academic Network of European Disability experts (ANED)

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Office of Disability, Australian Government Department of Families and Community Services. (2000), A Guide to the Performance Reporting Framework.

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