The paper "The Political Leadership of Dr. Mahathir Mohamad" is a great example of a case study on politics. The purpose of this paper is to research the political leadership of Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. His capacity as a leader is viewed in terms of the globalization of the Malaysian Economy and his influence on the respective policies and public. Malaysia has specifically caught the eye from amongst the countries of East Asia suffering an economic crisis. It has almost become customary on the part of the policymakers of Malaysia to scoff at the conservative ways of overcoming crises that are best suited.
That especially holds true for handling the country’ s economic situation and to some extent the enhanced political and economical global assimilation. It is worth mentioning that the neo-liberal conventions of liberalisation and economic opportunities have been rejected by Malaysia under the rule of Prime Minister Mahathir. Not only that, but the external financial pressures were countered by the Malaysian government methodically in order to preserve its individual autonomy as far as the country’ s national policy is concerned. 1.
Introduction 1.1 Mahathir bin Mohamad was the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia who stood for a long term that spanned over twenty-two years- 1981 – 2003. This was the longest term served by any Prime Minister in Malaysia and was recorded to be one of the longest-serving leaders of Asia. Mahathir was admired and given credit in history as being the leader who transformed Malaysia through modernization of a global strategy that was based on non-individualistic Asian values. Furthermore, he was intrinsically against the policies and developmental plans of the west and his policies reflected the strong criticism that he upheld in his vision (Shome, 2002). 1.2 In order to understand the type of leadership that Mahathir may be seen mostly to execute, it may be necessary to generalize and overview leadership and its aspects.
Leadership is the number of the total qualities that exist in an individual or a team that makes the difference between taking initiative from those who follow that initiative. The eight major types of leadership theories reflect upon different aspects of human behaviour. The great-man theory looks at leadership as being inherited and that the trait is an innate natural tendency in people that comes naturally.
On the other hand, trait theory examines the leader as the inherent traits of any person and their development in respect (Northouse, 2006). 1.3 In contrast to the above two theories, contingency, behavioural and participative theories do the actual examination of behaviour and define responses to individuals in different environments. Management and relationship theories stage leaders as group co-ordinators and examine their strength in the ability to replicate group behaviour and transform their tasks into a group process (Northouse, 2006). 2.0 Aim 2.1 The aim of this document is to study the values and techniques of the leadership approach used by Mahathir.
His leadership style will be studied in order to determine which theory is optimum for the running of his manner of leadership and how his leadership style may be adopted in the engineering field. This leadership style will be derived from the vision of Mahathir to promote the economy and political structure of Malaysia and the concepts will be used to derive a leadership style and furthermore will be applied in the academia of engineering.