9/11 Attacks - Defining Moment in Intelligence History – Case Study Example

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The paper “ 9/11 Аttасks - Dеfining Mоmеnt in Intеlligеnсе Histоry» is a  breathtaking variant on case study on the military. On September 11, 2001, there was a terrorist attack in the United States of America. The attack was an act of war and retaliation by terrorist groups against the United States of America and its close allies. What happened during this fateful day was that members of the terrorist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airplanes and flew two of them straight into the Twin Towers which is also known as the World Trade Center.

One of the remaining two planes crashed into Pennsylvania after a battle between the passengers and the terrorists. The analysis shows that the plane was heading to the Capitol Building or the Whitehouse. The remaining plane was flown into the Department of Defense headquarters in the Pentagon building and crashed the building, but the damage was not as severe as that of the Twin Towers. Over 3000 people were killed that day. They included all persons on board in these planes while the others were on the ground and in the buildings.

Thompson and Center for Cooperative Research (2004) provide the event timeline of the attacks. At 7.59 am, a Boeing 767 airplane (flight 11) belonging to American Airlines takes off with 92 passengers on board. The plane was heading to Los Angeles from Boston Logan Airport. At 8.14 am, another Boeing 767 plane (flight 175) belonging to United Airlines takes off with 65 passengers on board. The plane was also from Boston to Los Angeles. At 8.20 am, a Boeing 757 plane (flight 77) belonging to American Airlines with 64 passengers on board takes off from Dulles Airport in Washington DC heading to Los Angeles. At 8.24 am, in an attempt to talk to the cabin of Flight 11, a hijacker identified as Atta Mohammed accidentally makes a connection with ground control. The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) provides an alert about a suspected hijacking of Flight 11 to the Northeast Air Defense Sector and North America Aerospace Defense Command at 8.40 am.

Flight 11, however, crashes into the north tower of the World Trade Center before fighter planes sent by NEADS to locate flight 11 are even able to take off. At 8.41 am, another plane of model Boeing 757 (flight 93) belonging to United Airlines takes off en route to San Francisco from Newark Airport with 44 passengers on board.

Flight 93 was also scheduled to take off at 8.00 am, which was around the same time as the departure of the other three hijacked planes. Flight 11 is crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center (WTC) from floors 93 to 99 at 8.46 am. Ports Authority Police Department, NYPD, and FDNY immediately responded, and evacuation process. At 9.08 am, FAA bans all planes destined to New York from takeoff.

Subsequent closure of all tunnels and bridges by the Ports Authority follows at 9.21 am. At 9.24 am, after some family members in flight 77 alert family members, the FAA notifies NEADS about a suspected hijacking. At 9.37 am, the terrorists crash Flight 77 into the Pentagon by terrorists that had hijacked it; all passengers were killed. The FAA suspends all flights scheduled off and into the United States of America at 9.42 am. The South and North towers of the WTC collapsed at 9.59 am, and 10.28 am respectively. At 10.07 am, Flight 93 crashes into Pennsylvania Somerset County killing all on board after passengers fought with the terrorists in an attempt to retake control of the plane. President Bush addressed the nation on the attacks at 8.30 pm.    

References

Eggan, Dan., 2012. ‘Pre-9/11 Missteps by FBI Detailed,’ The Washington Post.

Foner, N. (2005). Wounded City: The Social Impact of 9/11.

Gingerich C. & Coyle G., 2013. ‘National Security Policy Responses to the 9/11 Attacks.’

Kessler, R., 2012. ‘Disband the Office of National Intelligence Director,' Newsmax.

Miller, G., & Julie T., 2013. ‘CIA director faces a quandary over clandestine service appointment,’ The Washington Post.

Morgan, M. J., Sternberg, R. J., Zimbardo, P. G., & Palgrave Connect, 2009. The impact of 9/11 on psychology and education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nakashima, E., 2013. ‘FBI surveillance tool is ruled unconstitutional,’ The Washington Post.

Purpura, P. P., 2007. Terrorism and homeland security: An introduction with applications. Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann.

The 9/11 National Commission Report, 2004. Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States.

Thompson, P., & Center for Cooperative Research, 2004. The Terror Timeline: Year by year, Day-by-day, minute-by-minute: a comprehensive chronicle of the road to 9/11--- and America's response. New York: Harper.

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