The Suitability of the Design for Each Analysis Design – Case Study Example

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The paper "The Suitability of the Design for Each Analysis Design " is a worthy example of a case study on sociology. For every study to be effective, it is crucial to employ the most appropriate research design. The suitability of the research design depends on the nature of the research questions. This paper intends to propose the appropriate research design for the research scenarios provided. It also explains the suitability of the design for each research design. Scenario one Research question: ‘ How many young people are unemployed or not looking for work in this neighborhood?

And what are the community perceptions of the impact of unemployment on the health and well-being of young people? ’ The descriptive design of the research is an appropriate one for the first scenario. This is because of the nature of the research questions. The first research question of the scenario regards finding out the number of people who are unemployed or those not looking for jobs in the neighborhood. Descriptive design entails a quantitative design, which describes occurrences as they happen. The design is careful not to sway events or subjects in a specific way.

Social scientists use this design to describe human conduct, and by businesses to seek insight regarding company practices. It is also useful for market analysts in looking at customer purchasing habits. Additionally, this method can be employed to identify those variables that can be tested quantitatively (Monsen & Horn 2008). For instance, in the scenario, it is crucial to identify the number of people in the neighborhood who are either not looking for jobs or those that are unemployed. Thus, the descriptive design method is essential in describing related data.

Since the study involves identifying the community’ s perception of the effects of unemployment on young people’ s well-being and health, the descriptive design is highly indispensable. Even though some individuals ignore descriptive research as mere description, the effective description is significant to this scenario as and will add considerably to the knowledge of the society’ s nature and shape. In fact, this design comprises more of phenomena such as population census; economic information; and social indicators including crime, expenditure, and employment rates; hence the suitability for this case (Monsen & Horn 2008). Further, descriptions can be abstract or concrete.

A considerably concrete description could describe the ethnic blend of a given community, gender pattern in a place of work; or a population’ s varying age profile. Otherwise, then the description can ask abstract questions. Normally, an effective description of the case will enable social policy changes in society as it has done in the past. As well, the demonstration of the presence of the social issues will promote accepted assumptions concerning the manner in which things are and could trigger action. Descriptive design is also appropriate for this scenario as it facilitates the description of features of variables of concern in a given situation.

This is also necessary for determining frequencies, averages and any other relevant statistical data of the population sampled for the study. With this kind of data, researchers can determine trends and other important information concerning the population (Srinagesh 2006). The design is also suitable since it has various benefits that include the identification of further areas of research. This design also enables the researchers to collect a lot of relevant information necessary for a detailed study and making well-informed conclusions.

What is more, the method is suitable for the study since it will bring out genuine findings. This is because subjects under study are unaware, thus, they act and behave naturally. Lastly, the suitability of the descriptive design is motivated by the fact that it is less time consuming and expensive as compared to other methods. Therefore, the study’ s objectives will be achieved effectively and efficiently (Monsen & Horn 2008).

References

Babbie, E 2010, The practice of social research, Wadsworth Cengage, Belmont, Calif. Pp. 370-400.

Creswell, JR 2009, Research Design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approach, Third Edition, Sage, London.

Fitzpatrick, J & Kazer, M, 2012, Encyclopedia of nursing research, Springer Pub, New York, NY. Pp. 10-30.

Heppner, P, Wampold, B & Kivlighan, D 2008, Research design in counseling, Thomson Brooks/Cole, Belmont, CA. Pp.225-250.

Monsen, E & Horn, L2008, Research: successful approaches, American Dietetic Association, Chicago. Pp. 5-20.

Perri & Bellamy, C 2012, Principles of methodology research design in social science, SAGE, Los Angeles. Pp. 67-100.

Saks & Allsop 2007, Researching Health Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods, Sage, Sydney.

Salkind, N 2010, Encyclopedia of research design, Sage, Thousand Oaks, Calif. Pp. 1-50.

Srinagesh, K 2006, The principles of experimental research, Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann, Amsterdam Boston. Pp. 364-380.

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