OutlineIntroductionThe AccidentCauses of AccidentConditions in the factoryHealth EffectsEnvironmental EffectsConclusion Works CitedIntroduction“The Bhopal gas leak of 1984: a factory used to produce cheap pesticides for farms in developing nations, meant to encourage the ‘green revolution’ programs in developing nations” (Banerjee 23), in turn, intended to encourage farmers in developing nations to increase food sufficient in their respective countries, but it killed approximately eight thousand people instead, apart from injuring at least four hundred thousand, most of them for the rest of their lives. The guilty person was the owner of pesticide factory, which was Indian subsidiary of Union Carbide, which was responsible in leaking methyl isocyanate- unstable chemical- at around 6 AM of December 3, 1984.
This disaster was one of the worst industrial accidents to have happen to the world. Rasheed Bee who was among the survivor of gas leak, can remember that day as if it was yesterday, he recalled “when he saw smoke coming from the plant, he ran for about a mile, he sat down but his eyes were so inflamed the feeling was like being pierced by a needles, while he felt his lungs as if they were filled with hot pepper.
What he could see at that moment was dead body of people all over the place. “It is know that the pesticide company (Union Carbide) was established in 1969 in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, and this was upon an invitation of India government” (Rahman 28). This was due to the raise in international cost of buying pesticides and “Green Revolution” programs that were happening in developing nations. The aim of India government was to save dollar reserves, instead of importing pesticide from other countries which produce pesticides; they were able to domestically produce the same pesticides because they had the raw material need in the production of MIC, while at same time creating employment in the country.
Since 1969, the company had been producing MIC in India. The major chemical used manufacture pesticides was unstable MIC; the chemical is lighter than water but twice as much heavier as air. This was the cause why the chemical was able to leak from the tank, the chemical was able to stay for long near the ground level, and return more people were injured when they inhaled the gas.
“This report tries to examine how Third World countries are vulnerable to chemical accidents, most of these countries lack sufficient know how to implement modern technology in their countries” (Banerjee 23), but at same time they want to set up modern industries. In many cases the local communities in which these industries are being set are not well-informed on the projects and the country doesn’t have enough manpower to address the environmental impacts of these industries in the local community.
“In order to cut on cost involved in setting up of these dangerous industries in Third World Nations, most of these companies take advantage of those facts- impact assessment” (Banerjee 34), and the safety measures, that includes environmental protections are not given first priority.