Critical Analysis of the Nepal 2015 Earthquake – Case Study Example

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The paper "Critical Analysis of the Nepal 2015 Earthquake"  is an outstanding example of a case study on environmental studies. Description of the Nepal earthquake in 2015 and its management Nepal is located at the centre of the Himalayan concave chain and is nearly rectangular shaped. Nepal has experienced earthquake shocks in the previous years, for instance; in 1934. Nepal was hit by the worst earthquake that left thousands of people dead and others displaced. Nepal earthquake of 2015 was a major tremor that occurred on two phases and left thousands of people dead and thousands homeless.

The first phase happened on 25th April 2015, whereas, the second phase happened on 12th May 2015. The first phase of April 2015 Nepal earthquake happened at around 11:56 am News Straits Time (NST) and struck the area between Kathmandu and Pokhara (Mitra et al, 2015). According to the United State Geological Survey, the earthquake originally had a7.5 moment magnitude Scale (MMS)which later upgraded to 7.8 (Gov. UK, 2015). The earthquake epicentre was 77km north-west of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. This was the most powerful natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 Nepal-Bihar earthquake.

The Nepal-Bihar earthquake had an 8.1MMS. The United State Geological Survey asserts that tremor was caused by sudden thrust along the major fault line of the Indian Plate and the Eurasian Plate. The intensity in Kathmandu was IX, which was violent in nature (Aydan& Ulusay, 2015). The April 25thNepal earthquake triggered a major avalanche on the slope of Mount Everest killing some people and left others injured. The earthquake also triggered an enormous avalanche in the Langtang valley, where nearly 250 people went missing.

In addition, the old buildings and monument at UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Kathmandu Valley were also brought down by the strong earthquake shocks that struck Nepal in 2015. The April Nepal earthquake experienced aftershock of a magnitude of 6.7 on 26th April  2015. It had an epicentre situated 17 km south of Kodari, Nepal. The death toll rose to approximately eight thousand people and left thousands homeless (Gov. UK, 2015) The second phase of Nepal 2015 earthquake tremor took place on 12th May 2015. The earthquake occurred weeks later after phase one had taken place.

The earthquake destroyed the buildings and other monuments that had survived the previous earthquake. It happened at 12:50 pm local time with a moment a 7.3MMS, it took place18 kilometres south-east of Kodari. The earthquake befell on the same fault line far east than the initial tremor in April. The Nepal Army together with Indian Army continued its Operation SankatMochan to aid relief and rescue mission to the stranded population (Mitra et al, 2015). In totality, the earthquake shocks killed approximately more than eight thousand people and destroyed half a million homes nationwide. In the management of the 2015 Nepal earthquake, Nepalese Army was sent in the areas that had been struck by the earthquake together with the volunteers from other parts of the country, under Operation SankatMochan.

India being Nepal's immediate neighbour was the first to respond to the earthquake that struck Nepal, with Operation Maitri by the armed forces which offered rescue and relief to its own citizens and other nationals who were stranded. The United Kingdom was also charitable in helping Nepal following the 2015 earthquake by contributing the largest aid to support the country and the affected communities at large.

The UK government increased its support by offering shelter, food and water to the victims of the 2015 Nepal earthquake (Gov. UK, 2015). The United States, China and other nations took part in providing helicopters for the rescue mission. The Nepalese government had requested for helicopters assistance from other nations for the evacuation process.

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