The paper "Nepal Earthquake of 2015" is a delightful example of a case study on environmental studies. The area between Pokhara and Kathmandu, in Nepal, experienced a 7.8 magnitude earthquake on 25 April 2015. This transpired at 11:56 hours, and the epicentre of the earthquake was 77 km northwest of the capital city Kathmandu. In addition to central Nepal, which bore the brunt of this earthquake, the contiguous areas of India, Bangladesh and Tiber were affected. Moreover, fatal avalanches were caused by Mount Everest, claiming the lives of several mountaineers. As stated by the US Geological Survey, the earthquake was of 7.3 magnitudes on the Richter scale.
Thereafter, in rapid succession, there were more six strong aftershocks, whose effect was experienced in New Delhi and Dhaka, the capitals of India and Bangladesh, respectively. A number of temples that were hundreds of years old, underwent extensive damage. Furthermore, several buildings that had not been constructed properly, collapsed. In addition, many villages located in the remote mountains were razed to the ground. There were several fatalities and a large section of the populace in these areas was rendered homeless.
Initial data revealed that around 7,400 persons had lost their lives and that more than 14,000 had been injured. Fortunately, its airport at Kathmandu and major roadways was not destroyed and remained quite usable. This enabled the neighbouring nations, such as India, to rapidly deploy rescue teams to the disaster struck Nepal. A major criticism levelled at the rescue efforts and the media was that these had concentrated on the capital city. As a consequence, the neighbouring communities had to survive in the face of acute scarcity of food, water, tents and medical supplies.
The situation was considerably aggravated in the remote villages, which had to wait interminably for relief. The Nepalese Government beseeched the international community for help, as thousands were in dire need of food, shelter and water. The disaster caused by this earthquake was awesome, and the National Emergency Operation Centre disclosed that 7,250 individuals had lost their lives and 14,222 had been injured. This earthquake has been recognised as the worst experienced by this nation since the 1934 earthquake that proved fatal for 17,000 in India and Nepal.
The United Nations (UN) has estimated that around eight million individuals have to be provided with urgent humanitarian aid. This constitutes a fourth of the population of the nation. Subsequently, there was another earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale. This had its epicentre in Kodari, and it brought all activities at the Kathmandu airport to a standstill for several hours. The Indian Government deployed the Indian Army to provide assistance and relief to Nepal. This was a very good decision, as the highly motivated Indian Army had been intimately associated with Nepal.
The Gurkha soldiers in the Indian Army were from Nepal, and there had been a two-century-old association between these entities. The rescue efforts had to face tremendous setbacks. Evaluation of Disaster Management Pertaining to Nepal Nepal is one of the poorest and least developed nations of the world. Australia, UK and the US promised to provide aid to the extent of $3.9 million, $7.6 million, and $10 million, respectively. In addition, the United Nations (UN) had promised to provide it with $15 million as an aid.
The UN had been coordinating the international initiatives to maximise the effective use of such aid. Such intervention, on the part of the UN, was essential as relief supplies had been delayed at airports and warehouses, due to bureaucratic interference that demanded customs inspections and other procedures.
Abir, M., & Moore, M. (2015, May 13). Secure a More Successful Recovery. Retrieved August 28, 2015, from US News & World Report: http://www.usnews.com/opinion/blogs/world-report/2015/05/13/another-nepal-earthquake-makes-disaster-relief-planning-even-more-important
Australian Government Attorney-General's Department. (2011). Community Recovery Handbook 2. Canberra, Commonwealth of Australia: Australian Emergency Management Institute.
Bhatt, M. (2015, May 28). Opinion: Earthquake in Nepal: insights on disaster preparedness. Retrieved August 17, 2015, from the Climate & Development Knowledge Network: http://cdkn.org/2015/05/earthquake-in-nepal-insights-on-disaster-preparedness/
Burke, J., McCurry, J., & Jones, S. (2015, April 27). Nepal earthquake: authorities struggle to cope despite international aid efforts. Retrieved August 28, 2015, from The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/27/nepal-earthquake-authorities-struggle-to-cope-despite-international-aid-efforts
Burke, J., Rauniyar, I., & Gayle, D. (2015, May 12). Nepal rocked by a 7.3-magnitude earthquake near Mount Everest. Retrieved August 28, 2015, from The Guardian: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/12/nepal-hit-by-second-huge-earthquake
de Goyet, C. d. (1999-2000). Stop propagating disaster myths. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 14(4), 26-28.
Gov.UK. (2015, May 20). Nepal earthquake: UK aid response. Retrieved August 17, 2015, from https://www.gov.uk/government/news/nepal-earthquake-uk-aid-response
Gunn, S. W., & Masellis, M. (1996). Evaluation of Disaster Medical Response: A Proposal for a Research Template. Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters, 9(4), 240-241. Retrieved August 20, 2015, from Euro-Mediterranean Council for Burns and Fire Disasters: http://www.medbc.com/annals/review/vol_9/num_4/text/vol9n4p240.htm
Hosseini, M., & Izadkhah, Y. O. (2010). Training emergency managers for earthquake response: challenges and opportunities. Disaster Prevention and Management, 19(2), 185-198.
Lacey-Hall, O. (2015, May 22). Nepal Earthquake: Challenges to Disaster Response? Retrieved August 24, 2015, from The Huffington Post: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/oliver-laceyhall/nepal-earthquake-challeng_b_7421856.html?ir=India&adsSiteOverride=in
Nayak, N. R. (2015, June 2). The Nepal Earthquake: Could SAARC have been Effective? Retrieved August 28, 2015, from Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis: http://www.idsa.in/idsacomments/TheNepalEarthquakeCouldSAARC_nnayak.html
Neupane, S. P. (2015, May 23). Immediate lessons from the Nepal earthquake. The Lancet, 385(9982), pp. 2041-2042.
Sudmeier, K. I., Jaboyedoff, M., & Jaquet, S. (2013). Operationalizing "resilience" for disaster risk reduction in mountainous Nepal. Disaster Prevention and Management, 22(4), 366-377.
The Times of India. (2015, April 27). Nepal earthquake: 13 more planes join rescue operations. Retrieved August 28, 2015, from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Nepal-earthquake-13-more-planes-join-rescue-operations/articleshow/47063664.cms