The paper "The Importance of Analysis Social Work with the Main Focus on Indigenous People in Australia" is a remarkable example of a capstone project on social science. 2.1 Research question: The aim of this research report is to understand the importance of studying social work by focusing on indigenous people in Australia. Social work is and will always be an important profession for the promotion of social change, solving human relationship problems, liberation and empowerment of people in order to enhance wellbeing. With the fundamental principles of human rights and social justice, social work and its values are based on respect for the dignity, worth, and equality of all people.
Since its inception, the main focus of social work has been meeting the needs of humans as well as developing the potential of the human. Thus, the justification and motivation of social action are based on social justice and human rights (Ronnau, 1994). According to Saunders & Naidoo, (2009, p. 425), the indigenous people in Australia are experiencing the highest rates of poverty. This has been attributed to low life expectancy, mortality rates, lack of early childhood education, low achievements in schools, and unemployment among other factors, thus increasing the gap between the indigenous and non-indigenous Australians.
In order to close the gap and overcome this indigenous disadvantage, social work is important to ensure fundamental principles of social justice and human rights prevail. Through this research, the profession provides us with the knowledge to strive in poverty alleviation and liberation of the vulnerable and oppressed people in order to enhance and promote social inclusion. This report will cover the literature review on the importance of studying social work with the main focus on indigenous people in Australia, the methodology which involve structured interview, the results which will explain the uncovered evidence, the discussion in order to answer our question.
Finally, the conclusion will focus on the gained knowledge and future research. 3.0 Background information 3.1 Literature review According to Hayes, Gray, and Edwards (2008), social work in the society has been of significant impact especially in addressing the existing injustices, barriers and inequalities. This has been achieved by intervention with a range of person-focused psychological processes to social policy, development and planning involvement.
These include efforts that help people access resources and services in the community, clinical social work, counseling, and social pedagogical work among others. In addition, such intervention includes community organization, agency administration as well as engaging in political and social action in order to impact economic development and social policy. Lee (2003), argues that social work is crucial for improvement of the life of disadvantaged in the society. Various circumstances have made people to fail to function better in the environment, to deal with the relationships as well as challenges in solving personal or family problems.
He observed that social work is very important especially in marginalized groups who are vulnerable to various challenges such as inadequate housing, financial distress, unemployment, chronic illnesses, lack of adequate job skills, anti-social behavior as well as substance abuse. Although the government may be willing to provide more opportunities in order to address these challenges, social work will be very crucial in order to change the already developed negative social attitude.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2008, retrieved from < http://abs.gov.au/>
Australian Government (2009) Closing the Gap on Indigenous Disadvantage: The Challenge for Australia (Canberra: Australian Government).
Bennett, Bindi & Zubrzycki 2003 Hearing the stories of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander social workers: challenging and educating the system. Australian Social Work, vol. 56, 1 (page 61-70).
Briskman, Linda (2008) “Decolonizing Social Work in Australia: Prospector Illusion” in Gray, M. & Coates, J. & Yellow Bird, M. (red): Indigenous Social Work around the world towards culturally relevant education and practice. MPG Books Ltd. Surrey
Gray, MC; Hunter, B; Schwab, R G. Trends in Indigenous educational participation and attainment, 1986-96, Australian Journal of Education v. 44 no. 2 Aug 2000: 101-117,
Green, Sue & Baldry, Eileen (2008) Building Indigenous Australian Social Work. Australian Social Work, vol 61, 4 (page 389-402)
Hayes, A., Gray, M. & Edwards, B. (2008) Social Inclusion: Origins, Concepts and Key Themes (Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia).
Hunter, B; Taylor, J. Indigenous jobs growth and unemployment, 1996-2006: the impact of CDEP. Australian Journal of Labour Economics v.4 no.2 Jun 2000 - 2001: 65-7
Lee, M.Y. (2003) ‘A Solution-focused Approach to Cross-cultural Clinical Social Work Practice: Utilizing Cultural Strengths’, Families In Society – The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 84(3), pp. 385–95.
Marks, G. (2007) Income Poverty, Subjective Poverty, and Financial Stress, Social Policy Research Paper No. 29(Canberra: Department of Families, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs).
Saunders, P. & Naidoo, Y. (2009) Poverty, deprivation and consistent poverty, The Economic Record, 85(271), pp. 417–432