The paper "Social Impacts of Digital Divide on Developing Countries" is a good example of a capstone project on social science. The interdependence between people and organizations has improved with the increasing globalization experienced in different countries. Accessibility of information, expertise, and knowledge are the main components within the knowledge economy. The chances of survival are increased through literacy information. This factor is considered paramount within the interconnected world (Duggan, 2008). The relationship among different countries is hardened by both technology and science that are slowly entering the world. Economic growth in the knowledge economy has been sustained by know-how which has replaced both land and capital and is considered basic blocks of growth (Qureshi, Keen, & Kamal, 2007). A research that was carried out by the World Bank indicated that approximately 90% of those internet subscribers originate from countries with a population estimate of up to 15% of the global total.
The study was carried out in 178 countries whereby a metric called Social Access Index was devised. The main determinants of DAI are affordability and accessibility to the internet, education, internet users in relation to high-speed connections, and bandwidth availability.
International development agencies proposed that for this bridge between the information-rich and information poor with respect to the digital divide (Duggan, 2008). Investment in ICT A report delivered by Social Planet predicts that the expenses made in the Information and Communications Technology are increasing tremendously. The reason given on this is that being a competitive need in the economy, it has been continuously invested so that the global demand is met (Venkat, 2002). The digital divide is the difference in how each social group acquires or gets access to social technologies.
The way a given social group gets social technology differs greatly bare because on the haves and the have not, but according to some scholars, the digital divide is basically dictated by the extent to which a given social group gets access to information technology. The difference in the availability and accessibility of social technology is defined by the challenges that are posed by physical factors such as computer availability and connections (Duggan, 2008). It is through the digital divide that countries have been challenged in that they are looking on ways to reduce this issue of digital divide both internally and externally.
Developing countries should use technology in an effective way so as to benefit them rather than being dependent on developed countries (Duggan, 2008). It is through numerous researches that the digital divide has been realized to influence by the national income of a particular country. A forecast made from this assumption indicates that the digital divide is least expected to narrow its gap. For over two decades now, since the development of information and communication technologies, it is quite complicated to find that ICT has not yet achieved what had been for.
Those that are less fortunate or isolated do not get access to internet services. It was expected that technology will ease economic, political and social imbalances which to date has not yet been met. A gap has been created between the rich and the poor, developed and developing countries (Qureshi, Keen, & Kamal, 2007). Factors affecting the diffusion of the Internet and ICT
Canazza, M.R., 2009. The global effort on bridging the digital divide and the role of ICT standardization. Brazil: National Telecommunication Agency of Brazil.
Duggan, E.W., 2008. Rethinking the Digital Divide: Towards a Path of Digital Effectiveness. Kingston: University of the West Indies.
Kim, H.S. & Lee, E.Y., 2010. Narrowing the Digital infrastructure Divide among Cities and Rural Areas. Seoul: National Information Society Agency.
Qureshi, S., Keen, P. & Kamal, M., 2007. Knowledge Networking for Development: Building Bridges across the Digital Divide. Hawaii: University of Nebraska Omaha.
Venkat, K., 2002. Delving into the Digital Divide. IEEE Spectrum.
Yates, D.J. & Gulat, J.J., 2010. Explaining the Global Digital Divide: The Impact of Public Policy Initiatives on Digital Opportunity and ICT Development. Massachusetts: Bentley University.