The Effect of Fires and Explosions in Three Famous Explosions – Capstone Project Example

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

  The paper "The Effect of Fires and Explosions in Three Famous Explosions " is a wonderful example of a capstone project on science. CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction This chapter highlights the background of the study, the statement of the problems, objective of the study, the significance of the study, and the rationale of the study. 1.1Basis of the Research Study Explosions are some of the most revered disasters in any industrial nation. Oil spills have for a long time been associated with explosion spillages on water but they are also associated with spillages on land, unlike the gas leak.

The study analyzed three famous explosions in history namely; first, the Piper Alpha was an oil production rig located in the North Sea, it also produced gases. The rig was associated with one of the worst fire explosion in the world during the 1980s (Baron 2010). The cause of the fire was a gas explosion and fireballs which turned into a raging fire in the rig. The disaster claimed 167 lives and left many others with serious injuries (Macalister 1). It took slightly more than three weeks to put off the raging fire.

In the end, it was claimed to have consumed property worth millions of dollars, claimed 167 lives, and had a great impact on the environment. The report on the fire tragedy recommended many fire safety recommendations to the oil companies operating in the North Sea. Secondly, the Gulf War explosion in 1991 is the major oil spills in the world’ s history. The oil spills were a result of war; at that time when Iraq forces had invaded Kuwait. The Iraqi forces were determined to destroy Kuwait’ s oil industry before they were forced out of Kuwait due to international pressures and military interventions reprimanding Iraqis to return to their country.

During the Gulf War, Iraq military placed explosives on crucial aspects of Kuwait’ s oil infrastructure and also conducted airstrikes on the oil wells, pipelines, rigs, pumping stations and other crucial installations of Kuwait’ s oil infrastructure with the key aim of destroying the oil production capacity of the country (Krupa 2005). This led to massive explosions on land, waters, and oil rigs and the resulting fire burned for many months and continued afterward.

Additionally, Iraq had released about 240,000,000 gallons of crude oil into the waters of the Persian Gulf in a bid to keep off American marines from Iraq. The Gulf war spills and oil fires are by far the largest to have occurred in the world (Bridge & Lebillon 2013). Lastly, the Ufa explosion and fire is an example of gas leak explosion fire in the world’ s history. As opposed to the Piper Alpha and Gulf War fires discussed in the above examples, the Ufa explosion fire tragedy occurred on land.

In addition to this, the Ufa tragedy was gas based as opposed to the others which were both gas and oil-based. The fire disaster occurred when two trains in Ufa, a Russian city (The Energy Library 2009), ignited a hydrocarbon air mixture from a leaking LPG pipeline. The Ufa fire disaster claimed 500 lives in addition to destroying property and affecting the environment negatively. The liability risk for natural gas and oil production companies is projected to grow with advancement in the domestic petroleum industry.


Alameddin, A &Luzik, S 2007, Coal Dust Explosions in the Cement Industry, Industrial Dust Explosions. American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, pp. 217-233.

American Petroleum Institute (API) 2001, API Recommended Practice 14C, Recommend Practice for Analysis, Design, Installation, and Testing of Basic Surface Systems for offshore Production platforms, 7th Edition, API Washington DC.

Aneek C 2004, International Relations Today: Concepts and Applications, Pearson Education India.

Baron H 2010, The Oil and Gas Engineering Guide, Editions OPHRYS.

Bridge G & Lebillon P 2013, Oil, Polity Resource Series. John Wiley & Sons.

Cashdollar K L & Hertzberg M 2007, Industrial Dust Explosions on Industrial Dust Explosions, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Cambridge Scientific Abstracts 1994, Oceanic Abstracts, Volume 31, Issues 5-6, University of Virginia.

Center for Chemical process Safety (CCPS) 2009, Continuous monitoring for Hazardous Material releases, Wiley-AIChE, New York, NY.

Cote, A 2002, History of Fire Protection Engineering. Fire Protection Engineering. New York.

Eckhoff, R 2005, Current status and expected future trends in dust explosion research. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries 18: 225–237.

Energy and Climate Change Committee, 2011, UK deepwater drilling - implications of the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, The Stationery Office. London.

Evans D J & Chadwick R A 2009, Underground Gas Storage: Worldwide Experiences and Future Development in the UK and Europe. Geological Society of London.

European Environment Agency, 2003, Europe's Environment: The Third Assessment 2003, European Environmental Agency, University of Michigan.

Financial Times Business Information Ltd, 1989, Energy Economist, Issues 87-98, Financial Times Business Information Limited.

Goldemberg J & Johansen T B 2004, World Energy Assessment: Overview: 2004 Update, United Nations Publications.

Hephaestus Books 2011, Articles on Explosions in Russia, Including Tunguska event, Alkhangelsk Explosion of 2004, Vitim Event, Ufa train disaster, Chechnya Spetsnaz. Hephaestus Books.

Hirschmann, K 2009, The Kuwaiti Oil Fires. Infobase Publishing.

Hooman P 2001, The Caspian Pipeline Dilemma: Political Games and Economic Losses, Greenwood Publishing Group.

Jahn F 2008, Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production DPS developments in Petroleum Science Series. Developments in Petroleum Science. 46: 225-243

Kletz, T 2009, An Engineer’s View of Human Error. IChemE.

Krupa, M 2007, Environmental and Economic Repercussions of the Persian Gulf War on Kuwait, ICE Case Studies.

Macalister, T 2013, Piper Alpha Disaster: How 167 Oil Rig Workers Died The Guardian.

Marchant G E, Abbot K W & Allenby B 2013, Innovative Governance Models for Emerging Technologies, Edward Elgar Publishing.

Medical Publications, 2005, The International Journal of Occupational Health & Safety, University of California.

McGinty, S 2011, Fire in the Night. Pan Macmillan.

Mogalakwe, M 2006, The Use of Documentary Research Methods in Social Research. African Sociological Review, 10.1: 221-230.

National Library of Australia 1992, APAIS 1992: Australian public affairs information service, National Library Australia.

National Research Council Committee, 2001, Safety and Offshore Oil, Assessment of Safety of OCS Activities, National Academies.

National Research Council Committee 2003, Oil in the Sea III: Inputs, Fates, and Effects, National Academies Press.

Nolan, D 2010, Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles. Elsevier.

Nolan, D P 2011, Handbook of Fire & Explosion Protection Engineering Principles for Oil, Gas, Chemical, & Related Facilities. Elsevier.

Sahay B 1999, Pressure Regimes in Oil and Gas Exploration, Allied Publishers.

Shafer B 2011, Energy Politics, Political Science. University of Pennsylvania Press

Society of Petroleum Engineers, 2004, Health, Safety and Environment in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production: 2nd International Conference: Papers, SPE.

Romanoff J & Soares C G 2013, Analysis and Design of Marine Structures. Technology and Engineering. Finland.

Stellman, J 1999, Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety. Chemical Industries and occupations. ILO.

Sutton I 2011, Offshore Safety Management: Implementing a SEMS Program, William Andrew Publishing.

The Energy Library, 2009, Ufa Train Disaster, The Energy Library,

The Institute of Marine Engineers, 1991, WEMT '91: Offshore Operations Post Piper Alpha, London 6-8 February 1991, Institute of Marine Engineers, University of California.

Underwriters Laboratories (UL), 2004, UL 2075, Standard for Gas and Vapor Detectors and Sensors, UL, Northbrook, IL.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us