A Comparison of Regular and Express Delivery Services Regards to the Amount of their GHG Emissions – Capstone Project Example

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The paper "A Comparison of Regular and Express   Delivery Services Regards to the Amount of their GHG Emissions" is a good example of a capstone project on environmental studies. Regular and express delivery services are used to improve operations and the movement of products. Regular services cannot be relied upon when delivering products that are urgent or been transported for long distances. On the other hand, the express delivery services are perfect when delivering urgent products or those that are been transported for long distances. Thus, the main problem related to both regular and express delivery systems is the process of transportation that each undertakes.

Express is direct transportation modes when regular modes, mainly make few stops on delivering or deliver many products using one route to different destinations. Kachitvichynaukul, et al. , (2015) thus relate the problem of GHG emissions of regular and express delivery modes to speed, time and preferred method by the clients. The greenhouse gas emitted refers to the gasses that trap heat in the atmosphere of the earth, which is mainly caused by the transportation industry. Hence, the global largest organization as the UN has concerns, related to global warming and the environmental cost.

The greenhouse gasses comprise carbon dioxide, perfluorocarbons, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride, and methane among others and this results from that the significant usage of fossil fuel. It has been stated over the years that greenhouse gas emissions are a major challenge to the environment since they promote climate change that threatens the planet in all levels (Maroto-Valer, et al. , 2012). Authors such as (Cristea, et al. , 2011); (David, et al. , 2010); (Greene, et al. , 2011) among others agree that the greenhouse gas emissions are responsible for the climate change, and thus, must be handled now. The transportation industry is responsible for the highest energy use where on-road transportation accounts for about three-quarters of the total energy, where 95% of the worldwide transportation is supplied by Oil and its derivatives (Kahn, et al. , 2007).

Whereas, Bauer, et al. , (2010) state that it has become in the second place after the electricity industry. Rmachandra & Shwetmala, (2009) stipulate that in India the transportation sector is responsible for about 258.10 Tg of CO2 where about 94.5 % of the total emission derives from on-road transportation.

Given the information attained from the literature, it is clear that all statistics, experiments, and other qualitative information provide agree on the fact that transportation is a major source of GHG emissions. The emissions may vary per country, but in all countries, it is clear that the transportation sector is a key emitter of GHG in the atmosphere. For instance, the literature already presents with evidence that in the US, and India, the transport industry is the second-largest emitter of GHG in the country.

Nugroho & Zusman, (2015), also support the implication by showing that in Indonesia the transport sector is the second-largest emitter of GHG. Hence, the freight industry as transportation services contributes with high GHG emissions, where freight transportation has high demand based on the dollars used in the market and tons of goods moved and miles traveled (Grenzeback, et al. , 2013). That includes the goods transported by more than one various type of transportation is named an intermodal transport system, and that can be done by cars, trains, trucks, ships, aircraft and so on.

For example, those regular and express delivery services are a type of multi-modal transport systems (SteadieSeifi, M. et al. , 2014). However, not all the local delivery services use multi-modal transport, while the international delivery services often use multi-modal freight transportation.

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