Analysis of Air Transport Accidents Resulting from Security Related Incidences – Capstone Project Example

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The paper "Analysis of Air Transport Accidents Resulting from Security Related Incidences" is a great example of a capstone project on technology. Air transport involves many levels of operations that entail interpreted tasks, and an accident may occur from a combination of a vast number of factors. In the United States of America, it is estimated that over 90% of fatal accidents relate to factors other than aircraft. These causes include pilot error, terrorism-related activities, and accidents attributed to weather. This report examines the combination of these variables in causing accidents.

Pilot error in this case excludes mechanical failure and biomedical factors. To ensure efficiency, reliability, and bias reduction, this analytical report relied on primary and secondary research to determine the causes of aviation accidents and preventive measures that have been taken. A survey questionnaire (with both open and closed questions) was used to gather the primary information from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and Transport Security Administration (TSA) accident expert. The study involved 30 officials from these two organizations, but only 23 did participate and emailed back they're filled in questionnaires.

The study targeted only members of these organizations because they are directly involved in handling airline incidents warranting clear and reliable information provision. The results obtained showed that there is a declining trend in the causes of accidents. Secondary and primary sources were used to reduce or eliminate biases. Secondary information was acquired from online sources that basically report aviation-related accidents. From the primary sources and secondary sources, it was established that there is a growing concern on security issues related to terrorism and hence, measures have been put in place to ensure enhanced security checks for passengers and customers entering airports.

The study found that security checks have contributed to the increased air traffic and subsequent reduction in security-related incidences after the September 11th, 2001 attacks in the US. 1.0: Introduction An aviation accident is an occurrence that happens between the time a person boards an aircraft with an objective to take a flight and the time when an occurrence relating to the operations of the aircraft results in a fatality, an aircraft sustains damage or failure; aircraft disappears and or is completely inaccessible (Stolzer, Halford & Goglia, 2008).

Multiple causal factors are attributed to aviation accidents. According to the NTSB (2010), 90% of all fatal accidents in civil aviation in the United States are attributed to factors that do not relate to the aircraft. An increasing proportion of aviation accidents are associated with failure arising from the personnel manning the aircraft. This is normally referred to as the pilot error. In the United States, this has been identified as the commonest source of accidents for a long time. Pilot error is only limited to, the failure of the pilot to fly the aircraft appropriately, but does not include aviation accidents that are attributable to the weather, biomedical factors, or mechanical failure. However, over the last decade, aviation accidents have also been attributed to issues relating to international security, such as terror attacks like the hijacking of passengers or cargo planes.

According to Darr, Ricks, and Lemos (2010), terrorism acts have become a major contributor to tensions in international society and have mainly been targeting the aviation industry. Terrorist target planes as was the case during the September 11, 2001 attacks in the U. S.

Other accidents that relate to security include war-related such as the Ukraine plane crash, August 30th, 2014, that was attributed to disagreements between rebel groups in Ukraine.

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National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). (2010). NTSB Safety Report NTSB/SR-01/01: Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data. Retrieved November 13, 2014 from http://www.ntsb.gov/publictn/2009/ARG0401.pdf

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