The Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption amongst the Youth in Australia – Capstone Project Example

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The paper "The Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption amongst the Youth in Australia"  is a delightful example of a capstone project on sociology. Problem Statement In the current times, alcohol consumption among the youth has had harmful effects on their performance in education and general life. This population segment is prone to both long and short term effects of alcohol whilst the emotional and social repercussions additionally raise the risk factor. It is vital for the parents and the government to understand such risks and protect the youth from such problems. Preliminary studies allege that the impact is deeper than imagined and is becoming a challenge in Australia.

Therefore, this research investigates the prevalence of alcohol consumption amongst the youth in Australia. The objectives and the significance of the Research To determine what causes alcohol consumption among the youth. To determine the current trend of alcohol consumption among the youth. To know the potential intervention methods for alcoholism among the youth. Research questions Some of the research questions guiding this study will include; What are the factors influencing alcohol consumption among the youth in Australia? What are the trends and impacts of alcohol consumption among youth? What are the potential intervention methods towards alcohol consumption among the youth? Factors Influencing the consumption of alcohol among the youth A review into international kinds of literature particularly the US and UK have shown that alcohol consumption among the youth is influenced by several factors including peer influence, family factors, access to alcohol, genetic factor and socio-demographic issues.

In the US, Peer affiliations among the youth are mentioned to play a crucial role in increasing the chances of alcohol use. Huckle, Pledger, and Casswell (2006, p. 234) claimed that friends influence each other to consume alcohol on various occasions such as trips, birthday parties, seasonal celebrations and weekend outs hence leading to addiction. Research carried in the UK in 2012 held that the quality and nature of family aspects have a vital role in exposing youth to the consumption of alcohol (Wolitzky- et al 2008, p.

758). Another research in the UK, associated with parental alcohol challenges, family dysfunction, early age drinking and childhood mistreatment with misuse of alcohol among the youth. The accessibility and availability of alcohol are some factors that contribute to the drinking of alcohol among the youth (Jones & Magee 2011, p. 633).

In this perspective, accessibility is contributed by the legal age of drinking, alcohol prices, the number of liquor outlets and advertising. The trends and impacts of alcohol consumption among youth The previous international studies reveal different statistics about the consumption of alcohol among youth. Research carried in the US in 2014 has demonstrated risky drinking of alcohol has increased among the people age 18 to 24 from 1995. Granville-Garcia et al. (2014, p. 10) found out that males in the age of 14 or more were likely to drink (8.5 percent) daily compared to females (4.6 percent).

On the other hand, another research carried out in the UK established that 6.5 percent of people aged 18 and above were frequent drinker and the numbers could rise due to influencing factors. Studies have found strong links between alcohol consumption and criminal activities. Zhao, Stockwell, and Macdonald, (2009, p. 650) argued that the youth who use alcohol are likely to engage in criminal activities such as theft, burglary, vandalism, and rape.

Fergusson and Boden (2015, p. 220) on the other hand, claimed that heavy consumption of alcohol among the youth leads to increased sexual relationships and having unprotected sex. A study was done by Hallgren, Leifman, and Andreasson (2012, p. 583) found out that alcohol consumption results in the predisposition of aural malformations, albuminuria, smaller kidneys, otitis media and mental illnesses in the youth.

References

Creswell, J 2007, Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among the five traditions (2nd ed.), Sage, Thousand Oaks.

Gomm, R 2008, Social research methodology: A critical introduction, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke.

Granville-Garcia, A.F, Clementino, M.A, Gomes, M.N.C, Firmino, R.T, Ribeiro, G.L.A,

Siqueira, D.L.B. M 2014, Alcohol consumption among adolescents: attitudes, behaviors and associated factors, Ciênc. saúde coletiva, vol.19 no.1,pp. 8-16.

Fergusson, D & Boden, J 2015, Alcohol use in adolescence, University of Otago.

Fernald LD 2008, Psychology: Six perspectives, Sage Publications.

Hallgren, M, Leifman, H & Andreasson, S 2012, ‘Drinking less but greater harms: Could polarized drinking habits explain the divergence between alcohol consumption and harms among youth?’. Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol. 47, pp. 581-590.

Huckle, T, Pledger &M, Casswell S. 2006, ‘Trends in alcohol-related harms and offenses in a liberalized alcohol environment’. Addiction, vol.101, pp. 232-40.

Jones, S.C. & Magee, C.A 2011, ‘Exposure to alcohol advertising and alcohol consumption among Australian adolescents’. Alcohol and Alcoholism, vol.46, vol.5, pp.630-637.

Wolitzky-Taylor, KB, Ruggiero, KJ, Danielson, CK, Resnick HS, Hanson, RF & Smith, DW

2008, ‘Prevalence and correlates of dating violence in a national sample of adolescents’. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 47, pp.755-62.

Zhao, J, Stockwell, T. I.M. & Macdonald, S 2009, ‘Non–response bias in alcohol and drug population surveys’. Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 28, pp. 648-657.

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