The paper "American Indian Societies, Cultures and Values" is an outstanding example of an essay on sociology. Cultures and values are essential in any community since they define the practices and the interpersonal relationships that characterize interactions between individuals. The American Indian communities were the native inhabitants of current America. These communities adhered to different norms and cultural values with the objective of maintaining high standards of amorality and ensuring development in society (Hadley 15). The main objective of this paper is to discuss the relevance of Native American Indian cultures in the state and the federal government of the USA today.
The value of restorative justice among the Dakota and its relevance to the American federal government will be the subject of this paper. Restorative justice among the Sioux (Dakota) The main aim of restorative justice is to reincorporate criminal offenders back to the society, with restitution to the victim, or the victim’ s family. Through this approach to justice, it’ s was possible for the Native American Indian Communities to ensure that there was lasting peace (Deloria & Vine 45). Justice according to Ella Deloria could only be realized by adhering to specific values in the community.
One of the most essential values in these communities was respect to kinship rules (Deloria 30). It was also important for individuals within these communities to be good relatives and show concern to other members of society. This was to be achieved as a societal ideal and no member of the community was to struggle to attain these virtues. This was the ultimate goal of the Dakota community (Deloria & Vine 48). When this approach to living is perceived with respect to justice, the feeling of compassion and concern can be said to be the defining principle of societal values (Deloria & Vine 49).
In the event of a criminal offence among the Dakota people, the societal values and laws required that those affected by the crime come together and develop strategies on how they will develop lasting solutions to their problems (Deloria & Vine 51). In extreme situations such as murder, the Dakota allowed for the killing of the perpetrator. The objective of such an action was not to punish or deter but to appease the aggrieved and minimize the possibility of escalated violence.
In addition, it was also aimed at providing a platform where the souls of the murdered and the murderer to meet and develop solutions (Deloria 32). The main objective of such action was to ensure that the community, especially those affected acquired some healing, restitution and repair (Deloria & Vine 56). Ella Deloria gives evidence of four methods by which the Dakota reacted to extreme criminal offences such as murder. The first approach to this offence was for the relatives of the murdered person to the perpetrators as a way of settling the matter.
Deloria, Ella C, and Vine Deloria. Speaking of Indians. Lincoln [u.a.: Univ. of Nebraska Press,
Deloria, Ella C. Dakota Texts. Lincoln (Neb.: University of Nebraska press, 2006. Print.
Hadley, Michael L. The Spiritual Roots of Restorative Justice. Albany: State Univ. of New York
Press, 2001. Print.
Liebmann, Marian. Restorative Justice: How It Works. Philadelphia, PA: J. Kingsley, 2007.
Ross, Jeffrey I. American Indians at Risk. , New York University Press: New York, 2014.
Strang, Heather, and John Braithwaite. Restorative Justice and Civil Society. New York:
Cambridge University Press, 2001. Print.
Zehr, Howard. The Little Book of Restorative Justice. Intercourse, Pa: Good Books, 2002. Print.