The paper " The Production of Space by Lefebvre, H." is an outstanding example of a book report on sociology. The production of space by Henry Lefebvre came as a conclusion of his work between 1968 and 1974. The book was written after a series of other seven books. The first publication of the book was released in 1974. Donald Smith produced the English version of the book in 1991. In writing the book, Lefebvre attempted to create an understanding of the relationship between the social relations of production and the production of space.
He offers two distinct levels of space; the natural space (physical/absolute space) as well as the socially produced space (social space). He wanted to contend the notion that space is a construction of experiences and values or a social product which allows for the reproduction of the society. In this case, society refers to the physical space. Instead, he states that the society-physical space- is reproduced through supremacy which eventually leads to capitalism through class superiority. He also wanted to establish whether language epistemologically, genetically or logically follows, the “ social space” , or it was just a precondition of the social space.
This paper gives a report about Lefebvre’ s understanding and arguments of the “ social space and “ contradictory space” . Lefebvre views social space as a type of power. He argues that if the social space is indeed a social product, then the space produced is naturally production means which essentially results in the creation of new space where control and power relations exist (Stanek, 2011). By writing the book, Lefebvre contributed to our historical understanding of space as not only a physical entity but also as a means of power and control. Brief Summary The production of Space cuts across a series of disciplines, themes, targets, and topics.
The book is organized into seven chapters. In each chapter, almost similar issues emerge as Lefebvre tries to uncover any differential space which could deny the abstract space progress towards the homogenization of the city (Lefebvre, 1991). The book is organized into seven broad chapters. However, this report is limited to the “ social space” and the “ contradictory space” . The author aims at identifying the differences that exist between the various forms of spaces like the social, mental and real spaces (Elden, 2004).
The production of Space was written in an attempt to define and create the necessary concepts which could assist in combating the “ abstract” space or rather the space characterized by bureaucratic politics that reinforced social homogeneity. Lefebvre (1991) argues that there is no science of space that can accept the contradictions that exist within the nature of space. He further claimed if dualities could not represent the contradictions within the nature of space if social space was to be said to constitute dualities.
There could be no contradictions if space was a true space of coherence with mental reality. He also argued that the dialectical way of thinking right from had been overtaken by time right from Heraclitus then Hegel and finally Marx. Spatial codes are seen as the constituents of practical interactions between the subjects, their surrounding and space. Also, the way in which spatial codes came into existence and later disappeared is discussed. In writing the book, Lefebvre considered the actual meaning of space in relation to the daily experiences of home and city lives.
The author tries to bridge the gaps that exist between philosophy and reality. He does so through varied contexts of art, architecture, literature, and economics. He goes further to provide a powerful solution to the unproductive theories and methods, hence embracing the modern continental philosophy.