The New Testament The New Testament is a complete compilation comprising over 27 books. The New Testament provides as the major source for the Christian theology. It is originally the later part of the ‘Christian Biblical Canon’. The early part was the Old Testament. Both the testaments are considered as a ‘sacred scripture’ by Christians. The New Testament is a huge collection of the Christian works in black and white in first century Greek Language. This essay will compare and contrast the New Testament with those defined in Homer, Plato, and Virgil.
The essay will contrast the given differences in reference to Plato’s ‘The Apology’. It is clear that Christians have different views regarding the Old and New Testaments compared to the Jews. The New Testament deals largely with 1st Century Christianity. The New Testament has not only influenced the religious, political, and philosophical activities of Christendom, but it has also influenced the Christian’s literature, art, and music (Plato). The New Testament is interpreted as a guideline for ethical and philosophical ideas by many. These ethical and social values differ partially and largely according to Homer, Virgil, and Plato.
Homer has interpreted the values clearly, appropriately, and openly. His speech is direct and there is no hesitation or stuffing between the lines. On the other hand Vergil is completely opposite with his description. He has used hidden meanings among numerous words and in between the lines. The speech is neither direct nor it is open, it is implicit in nature. Vergil has also plagiarized some of Homer’s text (Plato). In ‘the Apology’ Plato has interpreted the speech of Socrates which he presented during his trial during his charge for not considering the gods which were identified by the State, and for corrupting Athens youth.
The Apology is not at all an apology but is more of a defense by Socrates. Since, the Greek word ‘apologia’ translates as defense, therefore, the apology is also the defense made by Socrates (Plato). The contents of New Testaments are stories which talks about Judaism. Jesus Christ and all his disciplines were Jews. Jesus himself did not produce any of his work in black and white for records.
His verbal speeches differed from that of the classical predecessors. It was generally falsely believed that world is ending. When the people who had witnessed the actions and speeches of Jesus started dying, the necessity to compile records of his deeds and life grew stronger (Plato). The difference in the verbal styles can be studied by looking upon the quotes. “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life. ” John 8:12 – The New Testament.
On the contrary in the Old Testament the verbal style was quite complaining in nature. This can be assessed by: “My punishment is greater than I can bear. ” Genesis iv. 13 – The Old Testament. These two quotes do not reflect entire Old and New Testament’s verbal style of Jesus, but it does give an idea of the difference between the approaches and the underlying meanings. It further illustrates that the New Testament was a bit different then the preceding one and it provided a beam of light for the religious communities.
The classical literary Greek culture had a strong influence on Romans and their empire. For this reason it is regarded as the seminal culture which laid the basis of the Western Civilization. In the New Testament a difference can be seen. The collection is majorly divided into three categories. The first one talks about the four Gospels i. e. Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. The term Gospel mean ‘good news’ and this good news is referring to the teachings and the life, crucifixion, and the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth (Plato).
The second category of the New Testament talks about the letters from Paul. Paul of Tarsus was a church leader. He was the one who spread the Gospel of Jesus in the Roman Empire. His initial missionary targets were the Jews. His letters were sent to numerous Christian communities. According to the New Testament there were four Gospels. Each of whom credibility differs from church to church. All of these Gospels have ended their stories with the resurrection of Jesus. This was because of the fact that the all the four Gospels claimed their significance.
Different Jews and Christians started following a few according to their own belief. This however led to the social tensions which became the core reason for the wracking of Palestine (Plato). During the New Testament era Palestine’s freedom and independence was completely gone. Palestine was under the Roman Empire. The coming decades after the New Testament era were devastating for Palestine. Judaism was also witnessed in Palestine in the first century. Samaria and Galilee regions were granted to Syria and Herod became the King of Judea ‘King of Jews’.
The Romans gave full religious liberty in Palestine. The Jews further rejected Jesus, and Gaius entered the Holy of Holies temple at Jerusalem (Plato). According to Homer, Vergil, and Plato, the New Testament has different faces. Each of them coincides at the same point that ends with the damages to Palestine and the fall of the Roman occupations. There were four Gospels in the testament which informed about the life of Jesus, an Act of the apostles, and 21 letters written by Paul and various other writers.
The classic literary predecessors had different claims compared to Jesus and his actions as told by the four Gospels. Works CitedPlato, D. F. Nevill. The Apology of Socrates. Charleston: Biblio Bazaar, 2010. Print.