The paper "Our Social World by Ballantine" is a wonderful example of a book review on sociology. The aim of the book; Our Social world, is to let sociology assume the role of different cultures, just like it is a global world. It is argued by many sociologists that if you do not understand society, then you cannot understand yourself. In reference to the above book, we look at the argument as to whether life is harder being a girl or boy. Chapter four of the book focuses on socialization at the micro, macro and meso level.
Naturally, we are born with instincts which are suppressed by society (Ballantine and Roberts). Most societies are patriarchal in nature and therefore, from an early age, boys and girls are treated differently, with regard to attitude and behavior (gender socialization) which is transmitted into adulthood. The difference begins with job allocation at family level, which in turn pills over to career choice. Interaction and socially acceptable behavior also differs. Certain behaviors are scorned upon or encouraged from the two sexes, which in turn influences institutional participation such as sports.
A good example is the differences in personal space between men and women and the positions they hold in the institutions. There is more pressure on men to conform to the norms of masculinity than women to the norms of feminity. As a little girl one is encouraged to cry when they are hurt, but this is frowned upon when done by little boys. There is therefore no advantage of growing up a boy rather than a girl or vice versa. Although the field of spot sociology has limited information, the topic of ‘ shaking off” pain, has shed light on the traditional roles of feminists, which collide with accepted sport, ethic of pain.
The understanding of the difference in interaction and roles, help to shape national policies and laws from the lowest to highest positions in organizations. Differing perceptions on men and women differ depending on environment, social class and parenting styles. It can be argued that no one gender plays a more important role than the other, despite what society makes us believe (Tischler, 2001). All the sexes should be seen as equal, empowering one sex compared to the other is detrimental to society.
A good example is the increased attention being given to the girl child, which has devastating effects on boys, for example an increase in the number of boy drop outs from schoo. If we are to achieve gender equality, the role of women to fight patriarchy by not being their own enemy, should be enhanced (Ashley Judd, actress).