English 231 Online Final Exam 100 points maximum YOUR FINAL EXAMS ARE DUE BY MONDAY JULY 2, MIDNIGHT! ! SUBMIT YOUR FINAL EXAM TO THE WEB CT ASSIGNMENT DROP BOX AND SEND IT TO ME AT: sherry. rosenthal@csn. edu Directions: Answer each of these 20 questions for 5 points apiece (100 points possible). 1. Briefly summarize Machiavellis view, as expressed within the portion of his essay The Prince, studied in class, on the subjects of liberality and parsimony in a leader (4-6 sentences): Machiavelli prefers parsimony over liberality and he gives his reasons for this choice.
He says that the prince should be parsimonious since he would be spending money on improving his military and at some point in time he would run out of money. If the prince preferred liberality, he would be generous and would run out of money sooner and to recover that money he would have to levy taxes on his people, which ultimately defies the purpose of liberality. 2. Choose either the word "optimist" or the word "pessimist" to fill in the appropriate blanks: Machiavelli seems a/an pessimist about human beings and human nature. 3.
On theme developed by Machiavelli in "The Prince” is that (underline or highlight the correct answer): A. Humanity is inherently untrustworthy. B. People are fickleC. A leader should never take his or her power for granted. D. All of the above4. Miguel de Cervantess main character in his novel Don Quixote loses touch with reality because (choose the BEST answer, based on what you can specifically find in the READING): A. he develops Alzheimers Disease. B. he watches too much TVC. he reads too many booksD. he is malnourished and doesnt get enough rest5.
The lady to whom Don Quixote swears everlasting love and allegiance is: A. BeatriceB. MaryC. DulcineaD. Cleopatra6. Don Quixotes squire is named Sancho Panza and Don Quixotes horse is named Rocinante 7. Don Quixote’s real name is Alonso Quijano8. One of the more famous scenes in Don Quixote is when he encounters some windmills and believes that they are giants. 9. Don Quixote considers one of the main hindrances to his successfully carrying out many of his deeds of valor to be the evil work of whom? Friston10.
One of the key themes of the novel Don Quixote seems to be the distinctions between illusion and reality. 11. Based on your reading of Shakespeares Othello, what do you consider to be Othellos worst flaw, and why? (2-4 sentences)The biggest flaw in Othello’s character is his lack of trust on his loved ones. He loved Desdemona but despite of his love he fell for Iago’s trick and became completely convinced of Desdemona’s guilt without even asking her about the whole matter. 12. The character Othello in Shakespeares play and O. J. Simpson have in common two of the following circumstances (circle 2 out of 3): A.
both are dark-skinned and face discrimination based on skin colorB. both are married to fair-skinned Caucasian womenC. both are convicted in a court of law of killing their wivesD. both enjoy playing golf13. Othello’s wife’s name is Desdemona and Iago’s wife’s name is Emilia14. Which character “plants” Desdemona’s handkerchief on Cassio: A. BiancaB. IagoC. RoderigoD. None of the above15. Who, being madly in love with Desdemona himself, is easily manipulated to do Iago’s bidding: A. CassioB. BrabantioC. RoderigoD.
The Duke of Venice16. Explain the symbolic role of the white handkerchief in Othello: The white handkerchief represented the purity and the bond between Othello and Desdemona. As long as the handkerchief was with Desdemona, it signified her purity and as soon as it went away from her, Othella began to distrust her character. 17. A trait shared by Machiavelli, author of The Prince, and Shakespeares character Othello is that each: A. tends to assume the worst about othersB. is a lascivious hedonistC. is more at home off the battlefield than on the battlefieldD. Wrote many books while in exile18.
Cervantes’s main character Don Quixote and Shakespeare’s main character Othello have the following in common: A. Both were born in AfricaB. Both have assistants who are themselves important in the plotC. Both are married to white womenD. Both have epilepsy19. Of all the readings for the course, which did you like best? Please explain your answer (3-5 sentences)I liked Koran the most because of its language and style. Even though it is a religious book, the message is delivered in the form of both prose and poetry which grasps the reader’s attention.
Also it is fairly simple to understand. (Choose one: Lysistrata by Aristophanes, Genesis, New Testament, Confessions by St. Augustine, Koran)20. Of all the readings for the course, which did you like the least? Please explain your answer (3-5 sentences)(Choose one: Lysistrata by Aristophanes, Genesis, New Testament, Confessions by St. Augustine, Koran)Although all of the readings were very interesting, my least favorite is the Confessions by St. Augustine. Firstly it is an autobiography blended with diverse topics like philosophy and theology which makes it hard to understand.
Furthermore, almost every incident is linked to have a religious implication which is sometimes hard for the reader to grasp.