The paper "Critical Analysis of a Reading Klein’ Book Sources of Power: How People Make Decisions " is a good example of a book report on psychology. The aim of this article is to present a brief description of Klein’ book “ Sources of Power: how people make decisions” . The summary will provide a detailed critical analysis of the first three chapters of this book. Important to note is that this summary will look into the quality of the content used by the author alongside the skills he used to present his context.
Finally, the summary will evaluate both the research techniques and depths used to study various topics under discussion in his material. Background information The summary of this text is from the book by Gary Klein “ Sources of Power: how people make decisions” . The critical analysis is more concerned with the first three chapters of the book. Considering the style the author has used to write and discuss ideas under various topics, it is evident that he has a rich background in psychology and more especially in the study of human behaviour. I am convinced that the author is also an experienced person in counselling people from various professions including the fire-fighters, the paramedics and people from other professions who work under emergency departments.
This is because of the language he uses and the way he frames his ideas. The author’ s purpose The major purpose for writing this text was to address the idea that there are some professions whereby the workers are exposed into some situations whereby they are expected to make very fast decisions (Klein, 1999, p. 18). The author’ s work is intended at the general population.
This is because the author has used simple and understandable language which can be understood by anyone (Hartley, 2008, p. 3). Secondly, his research procedural style is more of conversational than formal given the use of possessive pronouns like ‘ we and us’ (Sammons, 1999, p. 115). Finally, the work of the author has made use of any technical terms that may be directly related to any single profession (Klein, 1999, p. 21). Plain English Summary of the text In his book “ Sources of Power: how people make decisions” , and more in the first three topics, Gary Klein talks about decision-making processes by people working under pressured situations.
The book in detail talks about how human beings behave when they are faced with situations where they are expected to make quick decisions. According to Klein (1999) “ even though so many books have been written, to explain the decision making processes, they have only laid a lot of emphasis on studying into the limitations people face while making decisions and those that make them land on bad decisions. ” In his book, Klein chose to extensively study the decision making process by taking into consideration the various capabilities and strengths individuals have that influence their choice of a particular decision (Klein, 1999).
In his book, he studied into how different people from various professions such as fire-fighting, paramedics, doctors, military commanders as well as nurses made their fast decisions. In his study, Klein managed to realise how researchers assessed human behaviour towards making decisions in their natural setting (Klein, 1999). He used the natural setting to study how different individuals behaved when they were expected to make certain decisions.
The use of natural setting was intended at focusing on how people behaved in different fields. During his study, Klein found that in most instances people who were working in pressured environments were able to make brilliant decisions during emergencies as opposed to when they had enough time to consider and evaluate all decision options that were available. When studying the fire-fighters, the author found that individuals while making decisions, they used to draw their power from their general intuition, mental activation as well as from storytelling (Klein, 1999).
In other words, in many occasions, the fire-fighters did not use their logical thinking and analysis of all options based on the available facts. While studying the process of making decisions by the fire-fighters, he found that people used to draw their power from their own intuition, mental activation as well as from storytelling. This means that the decision making was not based on logical thinking and analysis of various options based on the available facts. He also added that past experience and external influence also played a very vital role in determining how decisions were made in highly pressured situations (Klein, 1999).
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