The paper "How Robin Attfield Work Has Influenced Current Environmental Thinking" is a worthy example of a book report on environmental studies. Robin Attfield presented an analysis of how crisis within the environment has offered people with new ethical implications as well as consequences for their moral thinking (Attfield, 2011). According to Attfield, the environmental crisis entails the whole thing from global warming, to climate change, to the degradation of environments and natural resources. This has currently reached the crisis level as a result of its international extent, considering that it originates from the build-up of myriad more and big inconsequential actions, and which have an effect on natural systems, in addition, to present and upcoming persons (Dunlap et al. , 2000).
Following this environmental crisis, Attfield admits that this connotes that not just happiness is in jeopardy, but also the life of other species. For that reason, people require a value theory that is deeper and extends further than happiness/pleasure as well as soreness/anguish. Being part of moral consequences, Attfield posits that the environmental crisis as well needs people to make bigger the scope of those persons who bear ethical standing to future generations as well as non-human creatures.
The essay seeks to discuss how Robin Attfield's work has influenced current environmental thinking. Discussion According to Yang (2000), acknowledging the environmental crisis as a disaster will connote that several other aspects for contemporary moral thinking, which includes an acknowledgment of the mutual reliance as well as the interconnectedness of living things. These days’ people can no more be satisfied with a disregard for the anticipated but inadvertent consequences. Therefore, as asserted by Attfield the acknowledgment of the environmental crisis indicates the recognition of the necessity for sustainability with regard to production, supply, as well as utilization.
Attfield maintained that the ethical outcome of the environmental crisis needs a transformation in people’ s moral attitude as well as how they consider themselves and their deeds, particularly in the developed nations (Attfield, 2011). This point out that people must employ a defensive principle, only for the reason that science could be full of loopholes, but as mentioned in Attfield’ s work this does not indicate that people must just go on with the status quo.
Rather, people must acknowledge possible harms, and as a result, take action. In his work, Attfield argued that people must espouse mitigation policies, like those that could sustainably control their environmental activities (Attfield & Belsey, 1994). For example, the best system for greenhouse gases (GHG) regulation could be to divide the permissible emissions for all nations in line with their population. However, this needs not just worldwide agreement, but as well as backing from civil society as well as individuals (Brennan & Lo, 2008). Besides that, Attfield argued that the environmental crisis moral consequences are the boost of ecological awareness in politics, attitudes, and beliefs, particularly for developed nations.
In this case, green values such as autonomy, frugality, simplicity, support; green virtues like wilderness preservation, vegetarianism, and recycling, and green politics such as the policies’ institution that fight against emissions of carbon all are a sign of a cultural change (Brennan & Lo, 2008). Maybe in contemporary society, such are more direct cases of how cultural change begins with a moral change based on how people see themselves.
In Attfield’ s literature of environmental ethics, the difference between intrinsic value as well as instrumental value has been of substantial consequence (Holmes Rolston, 1996). The former is as per Woods (2010) are the things’ value as ‘ ends in themselves’ in spite of if they are as well helpful as a way to the other ends while the latter are things’ value as ‘ means’ to advance a number of other ends. For example, particular crops possess instrumental value for animals that feed on them, given that feeding on these crops is the survival means for these animals.
For an additional example, a particular fruit could have instrumental value for the reason that it offers the medical ingredients for aboriginal persons (Brennan & Lo, 2008). However, if the fruit as well possesses some value separately in itself of its potentials for advancing a number of other ends like people; in that case, the fruit as well as intrinsic value.