The paper "The Discrimination and Prejudice of Society on Same-Sex Parents " is a great example of an assignment on social science. Task One: Gay and Lesbian Parents In Australia, the number of gay and lesbian parents is on the increase. These parents are also involved in raising children just like heterosexual parents. According to literature, same-sex parenting has negative impacts on children. However, same-sex couples are just like other parents and they have a vision for their children. Most of them are loving and caring just like any other parent.
In same-sex parenting, there is a high level of shared responsibility. As compared to heterosexual parents, same-sex parents are usually reluctant to engage in physical punishment of their children. This is because of the value they place on their children. The set up is like any other family but they usually have to undergo a lot of difficulties due to prejudice and discrimination by the members of the society. Most of the people in the society are totally against same-sex parenting and hence the discrimination. The lesbian parents are able to take care of their children well as compared to the other mothers.
However, they are usually less gender-stereotyped when it comes to the selection of items like toys for their children. The discrimination and prejudice from the members of the society have negative impacts on same-sex parents. In most cases, they are isolated which results in stress and poor mental health. This has a negative influence on their ability to deal with some of the family issues. Evidence from the literature suggests that same-sex parents do not make good parents.
This is because the children always lack a role model when it comes to same-sex parenting. In a gay family, the children always lack a motherly figure as compared to the heterosexual figures. On the other hand, the motherly instincts and experience are lacking in a gay family and hence affecting the way the children are raised. It is also important to note that some of the aspects of parenting can only be done by a certain parent. The attachment between the children and their mothers usually starts at an early age or during activities like breastfeeding.
This is something that the gay family cannot offer and hence result in poor parenting. The children raised by the gay couple will always feel that they are lacking a motherly figure or love as compared to the other children who are raised by heterosexual parents. The situation is also similar to a lesbian family. Although the children are likely to receive the motherly love and care as they are being raised by women, they will always have difficulties as they lack a fatherly figure.
The lesbian parents do not have the ability to act as a father as compared to heterosexual families where the father is male. This, therefore, creates a gap in parenting and it impacts negatively on their parenting abilities. It is important to note that same-sex families lack adequate parenting skills and this impacts negatively on their children.
Marriage Act 1961(Cth)
Family Law Act 1975 (Cth)
Assisted Reproductive Treatment Act 2008
Surrogacy Act 2010 No 2
Surrogacy Act 2010 No 102
Parentage Act 2004
Surrogacy Act 2008
Surrogacy Act 2012 No 34
Mental Health Act 2007
Books and Journals
Goldberg, A. E. (2010). Lesbian and gay parents and their children: Research on the family life cycle. American Psychological Association.
Marks, L. (2012). Same-sex parenting and children’s outcomes: A closer examination of the American Psychological Association’s brief on lesbian and gay parenting. Social Science Research, 41(4), 735-751.
Tasker, F. (2010). Same‐Sex Parenting and Child Development: Reviewing the Contribution of Parental Gender. Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(1), 35-40.
Perrin, A. J., Cohen, P. N., & Caren, N. (2013). Are children of parents who had same-sex relationships disadvantaged? A scientific evaluation of the no-differences hypothesis. Journal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health, 17(3), 327-336.
Frias-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pascual-Soler, M., & Badenes-Ribera, L. (2013). Etiology of Homosexuality and Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Parenting: A Randomized Study. Journal of sex research, (ahead-of-print), 1-11.
Jadva, V., & Imrie, S. (2013). Children of surrogate mothers: psychological well-being, family relationships, and experiences of surrogacy. Human Reproduction, det410.
Jadva, V., Blake, L., Casey, P., & Golombok, S. (2012). Surrogacy families 10 years on relationship with the surrogate, decisions over disclosure, and children's understanding of their surrogacy origins. Human reproduction, des273.
Purewal, S., Crawshaw, M., & Van den Akker, O. (2012). Completing the surrogate motherhood process: Parental order reporters' attitudes towards surrogacy arrangements, role ambiguity, and role conflict. Human Fertility, 15(2), 94-99.
Imrie, S., & Jadva, V. (2014). The long-term experiences of surrogates: relationships and contact with surrogacy families in genetic and gestational surrogacy arrangements. Reproductive biomedicine online.
Deonandan, R., Green, S., & van Beinum, A. (2012). Ethical concerns for maternal surrogacy and reproductive tourism. Journal of medical ethics, 38(12), 742-745.
Iacovino, J. M., Jackson, J. J., & Oltmanns, T. F. (2014). The relative impact of socioeconomic status and childhood trauma on Black-White differences in paranoid personality disorder symptoms. Journal of abnormal psychology, 123(1), 225.
Salvatore, G., Russo, B., Russo, M., Popolo, R., & Dimaggio, G. (2012). Metacognition-oriented therapy for psychosis: The case of a woman with delusional disorder and paranoid personality disorder. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 22(4), 314.
Kellett, S., & Hardy, G. (2013). Treatment of Paranoid Personality Disorder with Cognitive Analytic Therapy: A Mixed Methods Single Case Experimental Design. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy.
Skodol, A. E., Bender, D. S., Morey, L. C., Clark, L. A., Oldham, J. M., Alarcon, R. D., ... & Siever, L. J. (2011). Personality disorder types proposed for DSM-5. Journal of Personality Disorders, 25(2), 136-169.
McGurk, S. R., Mueser, K. T., Mischel, R., Adams, R., Harvey, P. D., McClure, M. M., ... & Siever, L. J. (2013). Vocational functioning in schizotypal and paranoid personality disorders. Psychiatry Research, 210(2), 498-504.