Gross Anatomy – Assignment Example

Gross Anatomy: laboratory report Acromion: The Acromion is easily accessible in male adults due to their wide shoulder protuberance. They are not hard to access in women, but they are easier if the woman is slender. It is located at the center top of the deltoid muscle (Chung, 18). In muscled individuals is can be hard to distinguish the feel because of the development of the deltoid muscles.
Spine of the scapula: The spine of the scapula is easily located in slender or slim individuals. The elderly have the most palpable spine of scapula. In women, it is less palpable due to the body fat which prevents its protrusion.
Inferior angle of the scapula: The inferior angle of the scapula is easily located at the back of adults and the elderly. It is a bit hard to locate it in overweight individuals especially women. It can be easily referred to as the lower end of the scapula or the shoulder because its edge is easily felt at the lower region of the shoulder. The angle of the curvature is not that sharp and therefore, it is not a pointed feel, but a gliding one.
Medial and lateral borders of the scapula: These features are easily located in individuals with lesser muscular stature. The slender, aged women have an easily palpable medial and lateral border of the scapula. Overweight female and male individuals who are middle aged are likely to have un-locatable medial and lateral borders of the scapula.
Greater and lesser tubercles of the humerus: The greater and lesser tubercles are located on the arm just below the shoulder blades. They are not easily accessible in men due to the fact that the deltoid muscle is more developed in men than in women (Agur, 28). Muscular men would have a tubercle of the humeru that is more difficult to access. In slender women and sometimes in men, it can be easily accessible while it is easier in children due to the flabbiness if their muscles.
Medial and lateral epicondyles of the humerus: These are easily accessible in men who are slender. In women and children, they are usually covered with a protection of lipid tissue. They are more protruded in tall people and less protruded in short stumpy people.
Olecranon of ulna: This process is found at the back of the elbow at the proximal end. It is more protruded in slender, aged women than in men, but it is easily palpable in most individuals.
Head of radius – on the back of elbow, radial side, just distal to the lateral epicondyle of humerus: Easily felt in tall persons who are slender the ease being the same in men and women. In overweight and short, stumpy, persons it is can prove hard to locate.
The length of the ulna and the radius: These are easily palpable in individuals who are tall and slender. They are felt easily in elder and slender individuals but are hard to palpate in short and overweight persons.
Styloid processes of the ulna and radius: They are easily located in tall, women who are middle aged. In men, it is also accessible, but it may be varying with muscle structure and body muscles.
Various carpal, metacarpal and phalange bones: They are easily palpable in most individuals, but can be hard to locate in obese, short and stumpy persons.
Iliac crest: It is easily palpable in slender women. The pubic girdle of women is averagely larger than that of men.
Anterior superior iliac spine: This is also palpable in women more easily than in men especially if the men have abdominal fat deposits as in pot bellied men.
Ischial tuberosity: It is easy to locate when seated (Moses, 19). It is easily located in slender males and females. However, the extent of the gluteus maximus and minimius coverage can make it less felt.
Greater trochanter of femur: This feature is not easily felt but it can be felt in the distal end of the thigh at the base of the hip. It is not easily palpable in women due to the protrusion of hips. In some cases, it is easily felt in old women.
Medial and lateral condyles of femur: The medial and lateral condyles are able to be palpated in tall, slender, adult males or females but, they are not easily felt in children.
Patella, feel the patella glide over the femur as the knee bends and straightens: It is easily palpable in nearly all individuals.
Medial and lateral tibial plateaus: They are less palpable in women who are overweight than they are in men; also it may be hard to locate them in overweight men and children.
Tibial tuberosity: This protuberance is easy to locate and identify when palpating. It is usually felt when the knee is bent, and the patella is rigid. However, it can still prove difficult in obese women.
Medial malleolus, Lateral malleolus and the Calcaneous: They are easy to palpate and identify through palpation, their palpation can be hard in obese people. However, in women the features seem to be more pronounced than in men.
Various metatarsals and phalanges: In men, these are more palpable than in women. In the elderly they are also, more pronounced than in the young ones.
REFERENCES:
Chung Won K, Chung H. M, Gross Anatomy 6th Edition, Lippincott Williams, & Wilkins, Philadelphia, U.S.A, 2008.
Moses P, K. & Nava B. Pedro, Atlas of Clinical Gross Anatomy: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, Saunders Elsevier Inc. Philadelphia, U.S.A, 2005.
Agur M, R & Dalley F, A. Grants Atlas of Anatomy, Lippincott Williams, & Wilkins,
Philadelphia, U.S.A, 2012.