The paper "Influence of the History of Urbanization on the Form and Character of Australian Cities" is a wonderful example of an assignment on social science. The location, growth, and development of Australian cities were greatly influenced by the early colonial settlements. The expansion of trade and manufacturing in these settlements in the 19th century further consolidated the pattern of urban settlement (Canberra, ACT 2013). After the Second World War, there was a period of serious national reconstruction and this greatly contributed to the expansion of the manufacturing sector.
The growth was again fuel by the huge immigration program that was aimed at supplying the labor for building the industry’ s infrastructure. The subsequent economic growth and increase in population was a great boost for the expansion of the major cities in Australia. Population growth in these cities has continued to grow although at a much slower rate. Most cities like Wollongong and Newcastle reached a peak in the 70s. Other cities though have continued their growth (Canberra, ACT 2013). The growth of cities and the form of these cities greatly depend upon their historical urbanization.
Their growth continues to be shaped by the historical infrastructure, buildings, and land-use of their fore founders many years ago. Major Australian cities are located near seaports that were established on river mouths by the colonies. These ports were ideal points for trade since major transport facilities were on the water. The ports were the easiest way for the traders to access the outside world and link up with other trading forces at the time. In Perth, the Swan River was a major transport corridor and the efforts by landowners to access it ended up in narrow blocks of land stretching to the river.
The rivers also greatly influenced the construction of other transport infrastructure and in that way influenced the location of major centers of trade. Modern housing in the cities still greatly reflects the influence of historical designs. The location and orientation of major buildings are direct results of historical infrastructural design; evident is the obvious European heritage. There have been significant changes however, in terms of modern design and planning, innovation and effects of land availability.
The rapid increase in ownership of cars changed the previous desire to settle close to rails and roads and people have become more independent even in their choice for homes and business establishments. Since the 1950s urban growth has thus been characterized by expansion over large areas. The Australian government involved in the enhancement of the infrastructure in the early years but this involvement was limited to inter-city transport and the roads. The cities were considered to be centers for trade rather than places of residence.
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