The paper "Jewish Religion of the Talmudic (Post-Exilic) and Biblical (Pre-Exilic) Period" is a worthy example of an assignment on religion and theology. Judaism is one of the oldest surviving religions in the world, having preceded the birth of Christianity and Islam. Through the course of its 3000-year history, the Jewish religion has undergone several changes. While the core principles of Judaism as set out in the Torah have remained in observance throughout, the later religious texts such as the Talmud have added new interpretations and meanings to the existing texts.
Unlike Christianity and Islam, Judaism does not have a single founding document such as the Bible or Koran. As a result, the Rabbis and religious leaders of each generation have added to the growing body of Jewish religious literature. One such undertaking around 200 A. D. was the Talmud, which is a compilation of Mishnah and Gemara. This compilation separately evolved into two versions: the earlier version is called the Jerusalem Talmud and the latter one the Babylonian Talmud, which were produced circa 400 A. D. and 500 A. D. respectively.
This Talmud offers its adherents with a set of new religious observances than that required during the biblical period. Also, the Jewish religious observances and beliefs during the biblical period were largely drawn from the five books endowed by Moses, which are collectively called the Torah. The content of many post-exilic texts, including the two versions of Talmuds, have been created by prominent Rabbis, hence being classified under Rabbinic Literature. In the later texts, the core Judaic principles are adhered to while certain anachronistic elements of the orthodox religion were modified or eliminated.