Outline – Assignment Example
South Dakota Higher Education Funding Policy Indictment Speech Speaker Thesis: The of South Dakota should enact a comprehensive plan ofaction for funding higher education.
I. There is an alarming increase in the post-secondary certification than college or university degree enrolment in the South Dakota region (Barr, par.20).
II. The South Dakota higher education funding policy needs to change to enable more Students to enroll in colleges and universities.
Indictment I. The number of students enrolling into universities in South Dakota has reduced significantly due to the current higher education funding policy.
Example A. The current higher education funding policy only caters for a two-year post -secondary education for the students of South Dakota.
Testimony B. Research on the higher education funding policy in South Dakota highlighted that less than 24% of k-12 students received support funds. Students who enroll into Universities and Colleges in South Dakota have to source their own funds after the two year higher education state fund (Gubrud par. 4).
Example C. Over the past ten years the funds have decreased by 53%. On the other hand, neighboring states spend higher portions of their funding by 5.1% per student (Smolnisky par. 6).
Testimony D. Residents now prefer to enroll in out-of-state colleges and other private institutions from other states, reducing the number of professionals in the State.
Indictment II. Lack of enough university graduates reduces the economic productivity of South Dakota.
Example A. Local research indicated that residents below 30 years have mostly postsecondary certification therefore unable to secure well-paying employment (Hillman et al. par. 21).
Testimony B. Increasing higher education funding will prompt more students to enroll in local universities, increasing the number of local professionals and boosting the economy in the long run (Goodchild et al. par.31).
I. The South Dakota Higher Education two-year post-secondary funding policy has negatively impacted the local education sector because few students enroll in local universities.
II. The State of South Dakota should enact a comprehensive plan of action for funding higher education.
III. Consequently, students will gain value through higher education, giving them a competitive advantage in the labor market. This is a long-term solution to the human resources productivity while improving the standards of living in South Dakota (Savelle par. 3).
Barr, Nicholas. “Higher Education Funding” Oxford Review of Economic Policy. 2004. Web. 1. Mar. 2015. doi: 10.1093/oxrep/grh015
Gailmard, S. & Patty, J. W. (2012). Formal Models of Bureaucracy. Vol. 15, p.353-377: DOI: 10.1146/annurev-polisci-031710-103314
Goodchild, Lester F., Richard W. Jonsen, Patty Limerick and David A. Longanecker. Palgrave Macmillan: Public Policies challenges facing higher education in the American West. New York: Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2014. Print.
Gubrud, Jane. “SD EPSCoR: K-12 Educational Outreach.” South Dakota Department of Education. 2015. Web. 1. Mar. 2015. http://doe.sd.gov/octe/SDEPSCoRGrant.aspx
Hillman, Nicholas W., David A. Tandberg and Alisa H. Fryar. “Evaluating the Impacts of “New” Performance Funding in Higher Education” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis. 2015. Web. 1. Mar. 2015. DOI:10.3102/0162373714560224
Savelle, N. “Higher education in South Dakota”. National Center for Public Policy and Higher Learning. 1999. Web. 1. Mar. 2015. http://www.highereducation.org/reports/dakota/dakota4.shtml
Skocpol, T. (2013). Diminished Democracy: From Membership to Management in American Civic Life. New York, NY: University of Oklahoma Press
Smolnisky, J. 2013. “How much does per-student funding vary between students in South Dakota, its surrounding states and the nation?” South Dakota Budget and Policy Institute.2013. Web. 1 Mar. 2015. http://www.sdbudgetandpolicyproject.org/per-student k-12-funding-in-south-dakota