Executive SummaryThe Buncefield incident was one of its kinds which helped the different agencies and the support staff involved to learn a lot. The incident showed that having aproper incident command system with roles assigned helps to reduce casualties. The incident also highlighted the importance of all agencies like fire fighters, ambulance, police service, hospitals, environmentalist and local bodies. The incident showed that to make the system more effective proper risk assessment is necessary. Along with this media has a role to play. It helps to reduce tension by passing the message and development of kiosks at different intervals helps.
This Buncefield incident taught mankind a lot and will be tuned to handle those when it arises in the future. IntroductionThe Buncefield Oil refinery explosion is one of the disasters human life has faced. The loss to human life was not phenomenal as compared to other accidents but the disaster affected the environment and the living pattern thereby bringing turmoil and unrest. The accident was such that “it kept many highways and roads closed thereby affecting the normal life”. (BBC news, 2005) The environmental pollution this accident led was huge.
It spread “poisonous fumes in the environment thereby making people to keep their windows and doors shut”. (BBC News, 2005) The amount of petrol this refinery was holding at that time was out of proportion. There were “20 petrol tanks each holding 3 million gallons of fuel which caused the fire to burn for days”. (BBC News, 2005) The amount of emission this explosion caused will continue to harm human life. The emission was such that even “flights were cancelled and delayed due to fumes”.
(BBC News, 2005) A lot many agencies were involved to bring it under control and to see that panic didn’t spread. “The investigation into the incident reveals that the explosion on a Richter scale of 2.4 damaged neighbouring buildings and spread fires”. (Exponent, 2008) This was such an accident that it caused huge pollution. The water as a result also got polluted. Reasons to have an Incident Command SystemSuch “an incident of a large magnitude calls for an incident command system to be in place”. (Exponent, 2008) This will help to come with various measures to reduce the impact and bring about a check on the magnitude and happening of such an accident.
Incident Command System would had added as an advantage to Buncefield Explosion because it would have reduced the casualties and ensured faster services. The advantage it has is“Helps to handle incident of any magnitude”. (Incident Command System, 2007) This will help to find out the reasons of the accident quickly. Since, the command system involves many agencies so the decisions arrived are better. “Blend personnel from a variety of agencies into a common management structure”.
(Incident Command Structure, 2007) This helps in an incident of such a magnitude. When “all the agencies come under one roof then it becomes advantageous as the decision arrived is better” (Incident Command Structure, 2007) as the agencies work in tandem to improve the work. “Provides logistic and administrative support to operational staff”. (Incident Command system, 2007) This helps to save vital time. “The staff members need all the logistic in place so that it can be used at the right time”. (Incident Command system, 2007) This will help to reduce the number of casualties and provide timely delivery of service so that more lives are saved. “Is cost effective by avoiding duplication of work”.
(Incident Command System, 2007) The agencies and staff working together don’t have to repeat the entire task. They can carry forward where the other agencies end there by saving time and money. These results in decision to come faster and the efforts are not wasted.