How HTML Tags And Links Work On The World Wide Web – Assignment Example

The present paper "How HTML Tags And Links Work On The World Wide Web" is a great example of an assignment on information technology.
Web HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the text-oriented language that is used to write context-rich web pages which can link to other web pages, HTML was created in 1989 (Mercer, 1). HTML contains a number of HTML tags which are the codes or syntax those are embedded in HTML document and these tags enable the web browser to render the page graphically. In other words, HTML tags form the core of an HTML document context-rich and these tags are denoted as HTML TTags, is meant to display the text encapsulated within the tag as bold. Similarly, HTML tags enable hyperlinks, within a hyperlink text there is an embedded uniform resource locator (URL). Following types of HTML tags are most commonly used (Wempen 35):
Foundation Tags - these tags define the layout of the web page by indicating the Head, Title, and Body of the web page.
Document Tags – these tags include tags those enable line breaks, paragraph, horizontal rules etc. on a web page.
Header Tags – these tags enable display of titles and subtitles in various styles and sizes.
Text Tags – These tags help to emphasize the text by using bold, italics, underlining etc.
List Tags – these tags enable listing of items in various formats (ordered, unordered and definition).
Linking Tags – This tag enables the primary function of an HTML and is central to the property of the web. It is this tag that enables the user to move from one web page to another webpage within the same website - the linking process is called internal linking, or to another website residing on some other web server - this type of linking process is called external linking. Another type of linking tag is the ‘mailto tag’ this tag enables opening up of the mailbox in the email to compose mode with the ‘To’ field occupied by the email address that is linked to the ‘mailto’ tag.
Given below are one example of each of the above-mentioned Linking Tags:
External Linking:
<A HREF="http://www.google.com/">Google</A>
Above mentioned anchor tag i.e. HREF or the hypertext reference directs the web browser to the URL that is specified as the content in this anchor tag. ‘A’ in the tag indicates to the browser that the external linking is being requested by the user and the link be connected to the URL contained between A and /A.
Internal Linking:
Let's assume that we have a page called “addresses.html” "links.html," this page includes the addresses of your company’s branches around the world. The top of the page, the address of the headquarters (in the US) is listed and this links users to reach directly the American branch’s address without scrolling through the page. The NAME command is required to be used, it allows you to, well, indicate the position on the page you want the users to reach through the link. If in our addresses.html page, we divide the categories into Head Quarters, Asia, South America, and Europe, each of these positions needs to be named on the web page.
The best place to give each spot its own name is at the title of each category on the page. When we type the heading "Contact Us," NAME command is required to be inserted around it. Let's call this category "Asia." The name would be:
<A HREF="http://www.google.com/">Google</A>
We can do the same for Europe, which well calls "Europe," and South America, which well calls "South America." Now after all the options (addresses of the branches) have been named, we need to name the link specifically so that it brings the user to the appropriate position on the web page. The HREF command indicates to the browser the page that is to be opened. Therefore, we must tell it to look on the “addresses.html" page for an item with the name "Contact Us." The way we phrase that in HTML looks like this:
<A HREF="addresses.html#page"><h2>Contact Us</h2></A>
This command will indicate to the browser the page to be searched for the location called(#) "page."