The paper "Total Risks, Diversifiable Risk, and Non-Diversifiable Risks" is a good example of an assignment on finance and accounting. Total risk is a combination of all potential risk factors that are associated with making investment decisions. According to the capital asset pricing model, total risks involve both systematic and unsystematic risks involved in either selling or buying a given investment portfolio. The standard deviation is used to measure total risk since it captures the degree of variability of expected outcomes. When determining the total risk of an investment portfolio, it is assumed that the investment has both diversifiable and nondiversifiable risks although this is not the case since some investments have only one category of the risks. Diversifiable risks These are risks that are specific to a given sector or security to its effect on a diversifiable portfolio.
The risks that are diversifiable depend on the specific investment that is assessed. These risks can be reduced through diversification. It can be attributed to specific firm events such as regulation actions, strikes, lawsuits, and loss of investment portfolio. This risk can be influenced by the investor, and therefore; they are easy to mitigate.
Their impact on investment is extremely severe if it is not mitigated. These are the most common risks in and they have an incredibly significant effect on the degree of nondiversifiable and total risks. Nondiversifiable risk. These are risks that are common to an entire group of assets and liabilities. All investments have nondiversifiable risks, and their impact is insignificant compared to the impact of the diversifiable risks. The investor has no control over these risks, and therefore exceedingly difficult to measure and mitigate them.
There are no clear methods that are used to identify or mitigate these risks. Diversification can be used although its effect is insignificant. For the case of nondiversified risks, the assets whose returns are negatively related to wider market returns have high prices. Both diversifiable and nondiversifiable risks are the main factors to consider when assessing the degree of total risk in an investment portfolio. Diversified risks will look closely at any risk inherent to a particular group of investors. On the other hand, nondiversified risk will focus on the general risks that are associated with given investment portfolios.
For total risks, the entire risks involving the specific investment and the industry are dreadfully paramount to determine the portfolio to invest. Why is nondiversifiable risk regarded as the only relevant risk? Nondiversifiable risks are those risks that are common to a whole class of assets and liabilities. The value of an investment may change in a short period of time due to the economic changes and other underlying factors. Nondiversifiable risks have significant effects on the market. Diversification can be used to hedge against the risk although most investments are most likely to underperform. Nondiversifiable risks being non-compensating and unavoidable are considered as significant risks attributed to the market factors influencing the firms.
The major causes of these risks are inflation, international incidents, war, and political measures. This risk is beyond investor control, and it is difficult to control. The nondiversified risks are identified through estimation and analysis of the relationships between the different portfolios through the principal component analysis. There is no specific method that can be used to identify and mitigate the nondiversifiable risks due to their impact on the entire market. Wrapping up, different choices on investments regarding if to invest or not are made based on the degree of the risks.
An investor will choose a portfolio that has minimum risks and whose returns are relatively high. This investment should have few diversifiable risks that are mitigated and few nondiversifiable risks. This will imply that the investment has a few total risks.
ReferencesMalevergne, Yannick, and Didier Sornette. Extreme financial risks from dependence to risk management. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2006. Print.