The paper " Analysis Aspects of Policy" is a perfect example of an assignment on politics. Using examples, discuss the similarities and differences between analysis for policy and analysis of policy There are a number of similarities as well as differences between analysis for policy and analysis of policy. One of the similarities is that the two fields of analysis look at the issue of policy, how policies are formulated and their implementation. Another similarity between analysis for policy and analysis of policy is that both involve the processes involved in analyzing policies (Knoepfel, 2011).
For instance, both fields of policy analysis employ the steps involved in policy development, from identification or definition of policy issue or problem, identification of the objectives and goals, selection of the method of solution, selection of the evaluation criteria, specification of alternatives, assessment of alternatives and then presentation or recommendation of solution. However, there are also differences. The first difference between analysis of policy and analysis for the policy is that analysis of descriptive and analytical while analysis for the policy is prescriptive. Analysis of policy tries to explain policies and how they are developed (Althaus, Bridgman & Davis, 2013).
On the other hand, analysis for the policy is involved with the formulation of policies and proposals. Another difference between the two fields of policy analysis is that analysis of policy looks at policies, explains why some policies work while others fail, and evaluate various policies to determine their strengths and weaknesses (Knoepfel, 2011). For instance, the policy of analysis can be used to analyze social welfare policies and determine whether they are the right policies or not.
On the other hand, analysis for policy looks at issues that require the formulation of policies, looks at various plausible solutions, and proposes the policies that can be used to solve the problems. In other words, the policy of analysis looks at how effective policies are in solving social problems while analysis for policy looks at effective policies that can be used to solve issues. Discuss the possible effects of globalization on the decision- making processes and hence health policies of national governments Globalization has a number of effects on the decision-making processes and health policies of national governments.
The first possible effect of globalization on the decision-making process is the global-related restrictions. Global-related restrictions limit on the policy space enjoyed by national governments in terms of making decisions and formulating policies (Cooper & Vargas, 2003). National governments are therefore compelled to consider these restrictions when making their decisions and formulating policies. Another possible effect of globalization on the decision-making processes and health policies formulated by national governments is the existence of international health policies that directly affect the national policies.
Althaus, Bridgman & Davis (2013) reveals that international laws require nations to exist in harmony and in compliance with certain international treaties. The existences of international laws that govern certain functions of government compel national governments to make decisions and formulate policies with reference to these international laws so that the policies cannot violate them. The increasing interdependence of economies in the globalized world is also another possible effect of globalization on the decision-making processes and hence health policies of national governments (Cooper & Vargas, 2003). Health policies formulated by national governments have to be sensitive to the laws and policies of other nations which are normally economic partners.
Since health is one of the sectors through which nations do business and engage each other in terms of policies, national governments are normally compelled to make decisions that also reflect the needs of others and which show a level of global inclusiveness. For instance, globalization has forced governments to formulate policies that favor foreign health companies despite this being detrimental to the domestic health industry. This is because of the existence of international laws that require nations to remove restrictions on trade.
Althaus, C., Bridgman, P. & Davis, G., 2013. The Australian policy handbook (5th Ed), Allen and Unwin, Sydney.
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Cooper, P. J., & Vargas, C. M. (2003). Implementing sustainable development: From global policy to local action. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Knoepfel, P. (2011). Public policy analysis. Bristol: Policy Press
Kronenfeld, J. J. (2002). Health care policy: Issues and trends. Westport, Ct: Praeger.
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Lim, C.H. (2011). Macroprudential policy: What instruments and how to use them? Lessons from country experiences. Washington: International Monetary Fund
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